A study on the bursting point of Bitcoin based on the ...

Wisdom of the crowd says cryptocurrency is definitely a bubble that's about to burst. /r/Bitcoin

Wisdom of the crowd says cryptocurrency is definitely a bubble that's about to burst. /Bitcoin submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Publicnote Bitcoin Treasure Hunt 2 (0.01337 BTC)

Time for another quick round. One private key hodling 0.01337 BTC has been placed into a note at publicnote.com.
To find the private key, you must enter the correct title. Find it, and it's yours to keep.

Here’s your clue: 1FXYAEwj2Ckm5EdWnGPEPg==

Prize: https://www.blockchain.com/btc/address/1CEeC4zJp5z2todhd5tteCvCLnSzmdvbs5
Additional clues are planted all over publicnote. Participants are welcome to modify clues or plant new ones to throw others off. I will be updating clues as well.
To prove that this contest is real, the bitcoin address was generated using the correct title as the seed to a brainwallet, with "publicnote" as the salt. The solution will be published after the prize is claimed. There is no time limit.
Have fun!

Congrats to mooncritic for solving the puzzle! The correct answer was:

The danger is if people are buying bitcoins in the expectation that the price will go up, and the resulting increased demand is what is driving the price up. That is the definition of a BUBBLE, and as we all know, bubbles burst.
- Hal Finney
submitted by unchikuso to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Introduction and overview of the Bitcoin system

Based on this post I made a bit earlier:
https://www.reddit.com/BitcoinBeginners/comments/euozq4/blockchain_and_btc_technical_review_of_the_past/
We put together an introductory overview of the Bitcoin System. As this is intended for beginners I think this subreddit would be a good place to get some feedback. What will you learn from the text:
If you do decide to go through the text would love some feedback. Was it clear? Did you get any value from it? Anything that needs to be expanded on?
----

1 Introduction to the Bitcoin System

1.1 Introduction and General Description

There are many definitions and descriptions of Bitcoin. Some describe it as an innovative virtual or crypto currency, some as the system for peer-to–peer electronic cash payment transactions, and some others as decentralized platform and infrastructure for anonymous payment transactions using any type of crypto currency.
In this Report we will adopt the concept that the Bitcoin system is a payment system. It has its own features, its own currency, its own protocols and components, and with all that Bitcoin supports payment transactions. In other words, the core function of the Bitcoin system is to support payments between two parties – the party that makes a payment and the party that receives the payment.
Based on the original concept and the description of the Bitcoin [Bitcoin, 2016], “it is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: transaction management and money issuance are carried out collectively by the network”.
The system is decentralized since its supporting platform blockchain, comprises an infrastructure of multiple distributed servers, mutually linked by an instantaneous broadcasting protocol. Users perform transactions within the open and distributed community of registered users. Digital currency used in the system is not electronic form of fiat currency, but a special form of the currency generated and used only within the Bitcoin system. This concept is based on the notion that money can be interpreted as any object, or any sort of record, that is accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a given country or socio-economic context. Bitcoin system is designed around the idea of using cryptography to control the creation and transfer of money, rather than relying on central authorities.
There are several important requirements when making any type of payment and with any currency. The best example of a “perfect” payment transaction that meets all these requirements is payment using cash over-the-counter. When a consumer pays to a merchant using cash over-the-counter, such transaction satisfies all requirements and expectations of both parties. First, the transaction is instantaneous, as the paper bill is transferred hand-to-hand, from the consumer to the merchant. The transaction is cheap, in fact there is no overhead charge to perform transaction, so the merchant receives the full amount. The transaction is irreversible, what is the property beneficial to merchants. The transaction is legal, as the merchant can verify the legality of the paper bill. And, finally, the transaction is anonymous for the consumer as he/she does not need to reveal his/her identity.
The only “problem” with cash over-the-counter is the cash itself, as using and handling cash has many disadvantages.
Bitcoin concept and system solves all issues and problems with the use of cash, but at the same time provides all advantages when performing transactions using digital and communication technologies. So, paying with Bitcoins is effectively payment transaction that uses “digital cash over-the-counter”. The concept of the Bitcoin system provides all advantages and benefits mentioned above with payments using cash over-the-counter, but eliminates the problems of using cash. That is the reason why Bitcoins are often referred to as “digital cash”.
One of significant features of payments using cash over-the-counter is that there are no third parties to participate or assist in the execution and validation of a transaction. This feature makes Bitcoin transactions very efficient and also very cheap to perform. Other types of todays payment systems, for instance using bank-to-bank account transfers or using bankcards, use many additional intermediate parties and use very complicated background infrastructure to validate and clear payment transactions. These infrastructures are complex to establish and operate, they are expensive, and they are vulnerable to attacks and penetrations by hackers. Bitcoin does not use such complex infrastructures, what is the reason that its transactions are efficient and cheap. An additional problem with third-party transaction players is that transaction parties must put the complete trust in all these parties without any means to verify their functionality, correctness, or security.
Bitcoin system uses public-key cryptography to protect the currency and transactions. Logical relationships between transaction parties is direct, peer-to-peer, and the process of validating transactions is based on cryptographic proof-of-work. When performing a transaction, the net effect is that certain amount of Bitcoins is transferred from one cryptographic address to another. Each user may have and use several addresses simultaneously. Each payment transaction is broadcast to the network of distributed transaction processing servers. These servers collect individual transactions, package them into blocks, and send them for validation.
Each block is cryptographically processed by the large number of so called “miners”. They each attempt to create cryptographic hash value that has special form. This is computationally very difficult and time-consuming task, therefore, it is very difficult to perform and repeat. Individual blocks are validated using cryptographic processing procedures that require substantial amount of work and computing power.
Approximately an hour or two after submitting the transaction for validation, each transaction is locked in time and by cryptographic processing by the massive amount of computing power that was used to complete the block. When the block is validated, it is added to the chain of all previous blocks, thus forming a public archive of all blocks and transactions in the system.
One of the most important problems with uncontrolled digital currency, where there are no third parties to validate and approve transactions, is so called double spending. Since the currency is digital, stored at user’s local workstations, in mobile phones, or on network servers, it can be easily copied and sent to multiple recipients multiple times.
Bitcoin system solves this problem with a very interesting approach. It is the first effective example of the solution for the double-spending problem without the need for assistance of any third party. Bitcoin solves this problem by keeping and distributing an archive of all transactions among all the users of the system via a peer-to-peer distribution network. Every transaction that occurs in the Bitcoin system is recorded in that public and distributed transactions ledger. Since the components in that ledger are blocks with transactions and the blocks are “chained” in time and in a cryptographic sequence, the ledger in the Bitcoin system is called blockchain.
That full blockchain of all transactions that were performed in the Bitcoin system before the specific transaction can be used to verify new transactions. The transactions are verified against the blockchain to ensure that the same Bitcoins have not been previously spent. This approach eliminates the double-spending problem. The essence of the verification procedure for a single transaction in fact is the test of the balance of the sending account. The test is very normal and natural: payment of a certain amount of the currency can be made only of the balance of the outgoing account is equal or larger than the payment amount. Current balance of an account is established by tracing all incoming and outgoing transactions for that account.
The procedure to verify the validity of individual transactions and to prevent double-spending is based on the use of special type of cryptographic protocol called public-key cryptography. With this type of cryptographic systems each user has two cryptographic keys. They are mutually related in the sense that, what ever the one key encrypts, the other key can decrypt. One of the two keys is a private key that is kept secret, and the other key is public key that can be shared with all other users in the system. When a user wants to make a payment to another user, the sender transfers certain amount of Bitcoins from his/her account to the account of the receiver. This action is performed by the sender by creating a payment message, called a “transaction,” which contains recipient’s public key – receiving address and payment amount. The transaction is cryptographically processed by the sender’s private key, the operation called digital signing, and as the result digital signature is created and appended to the transaction.
By using sender’s private key every user in the system can verify that the transaction was indeed created by the indicated sender, as his/her private key can successfully decrypt the content of the digital signature. The exchange is authentic, since the transaction was also cryptographically processed with the recipient’s public key, the operation which is called digital enveloping. This transformation guarantees that the transaction can be accepted and processed only by the holder of the corresponding private key, which is the intended recipient.
Every transaction, and thus the transfer of ownership of the specified amount of Bitcoins, is inserted, then time-stamped, and finally displayed in one “block” of the blockchain. Public-key cryptography ensures that all computers in the network have a constantly updated and verified record of all transactions within the Bitcoin network, which prevents double-spending and fraud.

1.2 The Concept and Features of the Bitcoin System

There are many concepts and even more operational payment systems today in the world. Some are standard paper–based, some are digital and network based. What makes Bitcoin unique and distinctive, compared with all other payment systems that are in use today, are several of its core features.
The first of them is that the system uses its own currency. The reason for using its own currency is to make the system independent of financial institutions as trusted third parties. The unit of the currency is called Bitcoin. The currency is so called crypto currency, because it is generated and used based on execution of certain cryptographic algorithms and protocols. Performing specific cryptographic protocols is in the heart of operations to create new Bitcoins, to transfer them between transaction parties, and to validate the correctness of transactions.
Since appearance of Bitcoins, several new systems were introduced that use cryptography to manage its own currency, so all such currencies represent the category of crypto currencies. Later in this Report, some other digital / virtual currencies will be described that are created and managed using some other principles, so they are not called crypto currency. At the time of writing this Report, all such digital virtual currencies were called with general term tokens, sometimes also digital assets tokens. The reason is that they were created by the process called collateralization and therefore they are related to the value of some categories of real world assets which is expressed in digital tokens units.
The second interesting and important feature of the Bitcoin system is that the logical relationship between the two transaction parties is direct, peer-to–peer, i.e. there are no other parties that participate in the transaction. This is an important feature and benefit / advantage of the system that contributes to its efficiency when compared with the todays complex and expensive financial payment infrastructures and protocols. However, for distribution of transactions to their validators and later to all other members in the Bitcoin system the physical flow of each transaction is very complex and includes many parties.
It should be emphasized that performing transactions as direct, peer-to–peer transfers is one of the key features and the most significant reason for many benefits and advantages of the Bitcoin system. This approach is the key feature of the Bitcoin system as it enables security and anonymity of parties, efficiency in performing transactions, scaling of the system, and instantaneous settlement of payments. Therefore, supporting execution and validation of serious business peer–to–peer transactions is one of the core benefits of the blockchain concept, as it changes the current paradigm of Internet applications and transactions. Currently all Internet applications are organized and performed as client–server transactions. Such transactions are not efficient, do not provide sufficient privacy of participants, have dependencies on third parties and usually are vulnerable due to attacks of functional problems with large centralized application servers.
The next very important characteristic of the Bitcoin system is anonymity of users, their accounts, and transactions. This property means that the identities of the participants in the system are not known even to the partners performing a payment transaction. All other system operations – receiving payments, making payments, validating transactions, etc. are also performed anonymously. Interpreting this property correctly, the anonymity of transaction participants is so called pseudo-anonymity. Namely, in the process of validating transactions, all previous transactions of the sender are traced back to the original initial transaction. If that initial transaction was the purchase of Bitcoins at some Bitcoin Exchange, then the identity of the original owner of Bitcoins is known. Most if not all service providers in the Bitcoin system today require very strict identification of participants for the purpose of enforcing legal and regulated transactions and include certain restrictions of transaction frequency and amounts. This procedure, although understandable from the legal and regulatory point of view, has in fact in essence changed one of the core principles of the original concept of the Bitcoin system – full anonymity of users.
Better solution for fully anonymous payment transactions is so called zero–knowledge protocol, where the identity and authorization to perform Bitcoin transactions, is validated by anyone without revealing any identity information of the parties. The only problem with this approach is revealing the identity of transaction participants to law enforcement authorities in case of illegal transactions. But, such authorities have special authorization under the law and they should be enabled to get identifying information about transaction participants in the process of legal law enforcement procedures. But, all other service providers do not have such status, so if Bitcoin principles are strictly followed, they should not be able to have identifying information about system participants.
This approach and potential improvement of the Bitcoin system implies that the system needs one of the classical security services: role–based authorization. In such arrangement, there would be at least two categories of system participants: those that are authorized to maintain and access identifying information about the participants and those that are only authorized to perform transactions. In the first category are legal authorities, like police, driving license authorities, tax authorities, etc. In the context of the standard Identities Management Systems, such participants are called Identity Providers. All others are Identity Verifiers. Therefore, one of the main conclusions about true anonymity in the Bitcoin system is establishment of a sophisticated and multi-role Identities Management System, where some parties will be authorized Identity Providers and all others will be Identity Validators. Finally, referring back to the infrastructure of the Bitcoin system to perform and validate transactions – blockchain, the conclusion is that what is needed, as one of the most important extensions of the current concept of anonymity of Bitcoins participants, is an Identity Management System based itself on the use of blockchain and without Identity Providers as trusted third parties. Creation, distribution, use and validation of identities are transactions in the system, equivalent to payment transactions, so they should also be performed using blockchain protocol. Such system, that can provide reliable identities of all participants may be called Blockchain Identity Management System.
Another very important feature of the original concept of the Bitcoin system is that it is not controlled by any financial institution, by any regulatory body or by any legal financial authority when it comes to issuing Bitcoins and determining their value. This means that the currency used in the system and all transactions are exempted from any legal and financial rules and regulations. The rules controlling Bitcoin system are built in its code. This property is usually called “rule by the technical code”, as the rules of system operations, built in the code of its operational components, control and rule the operations of the system [UK, 2016], Chapter 3. This property is sometimes described as “control by the community”, i.e. the participating users.
This property implies that the value of Bitcoins is determined solely on the market – based on its supply and demand. This is quite natural approach, as the value of shares of companies are also determined on an open trading market. However, such approach implies that the value of Bitcoin, as crypto currency, is volatile related to fiat currencies. This property represent serious problem to perform payments using Bitcoin. It is well-known that volatile currencies are not suitable for payments. The practice of all the years while Bitcoins are in use has shown that its volatility represents one of the major obstacles for its main purpose – to be used as the payment system. In fact, it was announced that in 2019 the total value of Bitcoin transactions performed was about $ 11 T. However, unfortunately, only about 1.3% of those transactions were payments, all others were trading manipulations on exchanges. Based on that, it may be clearly stated that Bitcoin today is not used as the payment system, but as currency manipulation system. This is one of the main problems with the concept and current implementation and deployment of Bitcoin system and in near future may represent the main reason for its decline in popularity.

1.3 Innovative Contributions of the Bitcoin System

Besides an effective procedure to transfer an amount of crypto currency from one user (account) to another user (account), the major and indeed an essential contribution of the concept of the Bitcoin is the solution to the general problem how to establish trust between two mutually unknown and otherwise unrelated parties to such an extent and certainty that sensitive and secure transactions can be performed with full confidence over an open environment, such as Internet. In all current large scale and not only financial systems that problem is solved by using the assistance of third parties. For many (may be even all) current Internet applications and transactions those third parties are integrated and linked into a large, complex, expensive and vulnerable operational infrastructures. Examples of such infrastructures today are bankcard networks supporting global international payments, global international banking networks supporting international financial transfers, Public–Key Infrastructures (PKI), Identity Management Systems, and many others. It is a general consent that such infrastructures are expensive and, more important, vulnerable to external and internal attacks.
In addition to the complexity and vulnerabilities of such current operational supporting infrastructures, another requirement and prerequisite to use their services is that users must put the complete trust in these third parties. Accepting to trust those third–party service providers is the necessary and mandatory prerequisite to use their services.
Therefore, one of the most important contributions of the concept of Bitcoin is that it solves the issue how two parties, mutually unknown to each other in advance and otherwise completely unrelated, can perform sensitive and secure transactions, such as transfer of money – payments, but without assistance of any third party and without the need to place trust in any component of the system.
The practical benefits of solving this problem and the most important consequence of the solution for this problem – Bitcoin system, is that it provides the possibility for one Internet user to transfer not only Bitcoins, but also any other form of digital asset to or shared with another Internet user, such that the transfer is guaranteed to be safe and secure, that everyone knows that the transfer has been performed, and nobody can challenge the legitimacy of the transfer.
This feature of the Bitcoin system generated many very new, creative and innovative ideas where the concept equivalent to the Bitcoin can be used to perform secure and reliable transactions between users in an open community handling any type of digital asset ([Andreesen, 2014], [Sparkes, 2014], [UniCredit, 2016], [BitID, 2015], [PoE, 2015]). The examples of such applications and transactions range from commercial transitions, real estate transactions, energy trading, electronic voting, medical applications, and many others ([Kounelis, 2015], [Muftic, 2016]). The concept of blockchain as technology supporting validation of all such transactions is therefore called disruptive technology.
As the conclusion in this section, we may give a definition of blockchain:
Blockchain is an innovative concept, implemented as an infrastructure comprising multiple and distributed servers, mutually linked by special broadcasting and synchronization protocols, managing immutable objects with the purpose to enable and protect secure peer–to–peer transactions in a global and open environment.

1.4 Summary of Problems and Potential Solutions

In section 1.2 several problems of the Bitcoin system were mentioned and potential solutions for these problems were outlined. Recently, at the time of writing this Technical Report, several sources, mainly personal blogs and articles, appeared with very interesting opinions and statements regarding some other serious Bitcoin problems. Some of them are problems with the concept of the system, some problems of its design, and some problems of operations. In this section some of these problems are briefly summarized including suggestions for their potential solutions. The source of some problems was the article [Ein, 2018].
Problem 1: Complex Crypto Algorithms
Problem: Bitcoins is crypto currency and cryptographic algorithms used in the current version are very complex, based on the concept of proof–of–work, and require long time, special hardware and a lots of energy to perform
Potential Solution: Potential solution fro this problem is to use cryptographic algorithms that are simpler and therefore more efficient to execute and need less energy
Problems with Potential Solution: Lowering the complexity of crypto algorithms introduces vulnerability to hackers. Therefore, what is needed are strong algorithms and simple to perform for regular users and complex to break by hackers
Problem 2: Indirect Transactions, not Peer–to–Peer
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays implementation Bitcoin payment transactions are not performed as direct, peer–to–peer transactions. They are performed indirectly, submitted to the Bitcoin network, and recipients receive them indirectly, by downloading validated transactions from the ledger
Potential Solution: Transactions should be performed directly, by transferring them directly between two users
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is validation of transaction for proof of possession of Bitcoins by the sender and for prevention of double-spending. Therefore, what is needed is the protocol to validate peer–to–peer transactions.
Problem 3: Anonymity of Users not provided
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays deployments of additional system components, mainly exchanges, users are not anonymous
Potential Solution: Blockchain–based Distributed Identity Management System with Role-based Authorizations
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with potential solution is that it depends on trusted third parties with authorized roles. Therefore, what is needed is blockchain-based Identity Management System using hybrid (permissioned and unpermissioned) blockchain
Problem 4: Volatile Value, not suitable for Payments
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed that Bitcoin is payment system, volatile value of the currency makes it inconvenient for payments
Potential Solution: Crypto currency with stable value
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that the value of Bitcoins is determined on the secondary market, during its trading (cash-in / cash-out). Therefore, what is needed is crypto currency that does not have volatile value
The remaining problems in this section are quoted from [Ein, 2018]:
Problem 5: Negative Environmental Impact
Problem: Mining algorithms and operational facilities (“mining farms”) consume too much electrical energy, based on the “proof-of-work” protocol
Potential Solution: Using mining algorithms that consume less energy, either as simpler / lighter crypto algorithms or using alternative crypto protocols to protect transactions integrity (“proof-of-stake”)
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that simpler / lighter algorithms open vulnerabilities to hackers while alternative crypto protocols are not backward compatible with the current system
Problem 6: Slow Performance (Delays) / Low Throughput
Problem: Due to blocking and the designed time for protection of transactions (10 minutes) Bitcoin system has very slow performance – transactions are validated in about an hour and transaction processing throughput is about 7 transactions per second
Potential Solution: Using transaction validation algorithms and protocols that do not need blocking of transactions, but transactions should be validated individually
Problems with Potential Solution: There are no serious problems with the proposed potential solution
Problem 7: Limited Number of Bitcoins
Problem: Due hardware and other types of failures, the number of available Bitcoins in the system is constantly reducing
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to use smaller portions of Bitcoin (“Satoshi”) or introduce hard-fork by splitting the amount of available Bitcoins
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the first solution that it is not user-friendly and the problem with the second solution is backwards compatibility.
Problem 8: Real Value of Bitcoins
Problem: The value of Bitcoins is purely psychological and reflects only pure market speculations
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to peg the value of Bitcoin to local fiat currencies in countries of deployments
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the potential solution is that such Bitcoins would be a new class of Bitcoins, not traded on exchanges and not volatile
At the end of this section, it is very interesting to quote two opinions about the future of Bitcoin and blockchain:
[Ein, 2018]: “It seems that Bitcoin will likely cease to have meaningful value, defeating the whole point and philosophy imagined by Satoshi Nakamoto, the alleged inventor of Bitcoin. Its current value appears to be purely psychological, and the hype seems to be driven by irrational exuberance, greed and speculation. Modern human history has seen many bubbles, including the dot-com bubble, the housing bubble and even the tulip bubble. However, when these bubbles exploded, many excellent dot-com companies survived, most houses regained their value and tulips still have meaning and carry value in our lives today. But what will happen when the Bitcoin bubble bursts? What utility or residual value will Bitcoin have to consumers and businesses? Most likely none. And this is the real problem with Bitcoin and crypto currencies.
Bitcoin will likely go down in history as a great technological invention that popularized blockchain yet failed due to its design limitations. Just like the industrial revolution was fueled by the combustion engine, Nakamoto’s most valuable contribution is the blockchain polymorphic engine that will further accelerate innovation in the post-information age and immensely affect our lives”.
This quote makes two very important and far–reaching predictions:
(1) Bitcoin, as the payment system will disappear (“. . . will go down in history”), and
(2) The most valuable contribution of the Bitcoin system is blockchain
This article was written in 2018. It is very interesting to notice that at the time of writing this Technical Report, (1) Bitcoin was still “alive” and (2) the concept and deployments of blockchain were in serious trouble.
Based on the principle of positive and creative approach, in the rest of this Technical Report, besides description of all technical details of the Bitcoin system, some potential solutions for its improvement will also be discussed.
However, contrary to the predicted status of Bitcoin, it seems that the predicted status of blockchain, in 2020 was still facing serious problems.
[Barber, 2019]: What's Blockchain Actually Good for, Anyway? For Now, Not Much
“Not long ago, blockchain technology was touted as a way to track tuna, bypass banks, and preserve property records. Reality has proved a much tougher challenge”.

[Lucanus, 2020]: Has Blockchain Failed Before It Even Really Began?

“Just as everyone was getting really excited about its potential, it appears blockchain is dead. For a technology that was supposed to transform and solve seemingly every problem in the world, the enthusiasm is fading pretty quickly”.
At the time of writing this Technical Report, there were many new blockchain – concepts, design and even several deployed and operational instances. Some of them are even very popular, but only among enthusiastic developers. The overall trends with real life deployments, and more and more comments about the capabilities and features of blockchains are appearing with negative connotation. Therefore, seems that even for blockchain some innovative concepts and approaches are needed. They are beyond the scope of this Technical Report and will be addressed in some of our follow-up reports.
submitted by Theus5 to u/Theus5 [link] [comments]

Introduction and overview of the Bitcoin system

In relation to this post:
https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/eupegk/technical_review_of_the_past_10_years_and_how_the/
We put together an introductory overview of the Bitcoin System. As this is intended to help increase public understanding of BTC and thus increase it's adoption. What will you learn from the text:
If you do decide to go through the text would love some feedback. Was it clear? Did you get any value from it? Anything that needs to be expanded on? - we are really excited about this project and hope to make it to the best of our abilities.
----

1 Introduction to the Bitcoin System

1.1 Introduction and General Description

There are many definitions and descriptions of Bitcoin. Some describe it as an innovative virtual or crypto currency, some as the system for peer-to–peer electronic cash payment transactions, and some others as decentralized platform and infrastructure for anonymous payment transactions using any type of crypto currency.
In this Report we will adopt the concept that the Bitcoin system is a payment system. It has its own features, its own currency, its own protocols and components, and with all that Bitcoin supports payment transactions. In other words, the core function of the Bitcoin system is to support payments between two parties – the party that makes a payment and the party that receives the payment.
Based on the original concept and the description of the Bitcoin [Bitcoin, 2016], “it is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: transaction management and money issuance are carried out collectively by the network”.
The system is decentralized since its supporting platform blockchain, comprises an infrastructure of multiple distributed servers, mutually linked by an instantaneous broadcasting protocol. Users perform transactions within the open and distributed community of registered users. Digital currency used in the system is not electronic form of fiat currency, but a special form of the currency generated and used only within the Bitcoin system. This concept is based on the notion that money can be interpreted as any object, or any sort of record, that is accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a given country or socio-economic context. Bitcoin system is designed around the idea of using cryptography to control the creation and transfer of money, rather than relying on central authorities.
There are several important requirements when making any type of payment and with any currency. The best example of a “perfect” payment transaction that meets all these requirements is payment using cash over-the-counter. When a consumer pays to a merchant using cash over-the-counter, such transaction satisfies all requirements and expectations of both parties. First, the transaction is instantaneous, as the paper bill is transferred hand-to-hand, from the consumer to the merchant. The transaction is cheap, in fact there is no overhead charge to perform transaction, so the merchant receives the full amount. The transaction is irreversible, what is the property beneficial to merchants. The transaction is legal, as the merchant can verify the legality of the paper bill. And, finally, the transaction is anonymous for the consumer as he/she does not need to reveal his/her identity.
The only “problem” with cash over-the-counter is the cash itself, as using and handling cash has many disadvantages.
Bitcoin concept and system solves all issues and problems with the use of cash, but at the same time provides all advantages when performing transactions using digital and communication technologies. So, paying with Bitcoins is effectively payment transaction that uses “digital cash over-the-counter”. The concept of the Bitcoin system provides all advantages and benefits mentioned above with payments using cash over-the-counter, but eliminates the problems of using cash. That is the reason why Bitcoins are often referred to as “digital cash”.
One of significant features of payments using cash over-the-counter is that there are no third parties to participate or assist in the execution and validation of a transaction. This feature makes Bitcoin transactions very efficient and also very cheap to perform. Other types of todays payment systems, for instance using bank-to-bank account transfers or using bankcards, use many additional intermediate parties and use very complicated background infrastructure to validate and clear payment transactions. These infrastructures are complex to establish and operate, they are expensive, and they are vulnerable to attacks and penetrations by hackers. Bitcoin does not use such complex infrastructures, what is the reason that its transactions are efficient and cheap. An additional problem with third-party transaction players is that transaction parties must put the complete trust in all these parties without any means to verify their functionality, correctness, or security.
Bitcoin system uses public-key cryptography to protect the currency and transactions. Logical relationships between transaction parties is direct, peer-to-peer, and the process of validating transactions is based on cryptographic proof-of-work. When performing a transaction, the net effect is that certain amount of Bitcoins is transferred from one cryptographic address to another. Each user may have and use several addresses simultaneously. Each payment transaction is broadcast to the network of distributed transaction processing servers. These servers collect individual transactions, package them into blocks, and send them for validation.
Each block is cryptographically processed by the large number of so called “miners”. They each attempt to create cryptographic hash value that has special form. This is computationally very difficult and time-consuming task, therefore, it is very difficult to perform and repeat. Individual blocks are validated using cryptographic processing procedures that require substantial amount of work and computing power.
Approximately an hour or two after submitting the transaction for validation, each transaction is locked in time and by cryptographic processing by the massive amount of computing power that was used to complete the block. When the block is validated, it is added to the chain of all previous blocks, thus forming a public archive of all blocks and transactions in the system.
One of the most important problems with uncontrolled digital currency, where there are no third parties to validate and approve transactions, is so called double spending. Since the currency is digital, stored at user’s local workstations, in mobile phones, or on network servers, it can be easily copied and sent to multiple recipients multiple times.
Bitcoin system solves this problem with a very interesting approach. It is the first effective example of the solution for the double-spending problem without the need for assistance of any third party. Bitcoin solves this problem by keeping and distributing an archive of all transactions among all the users of the system via a peer-to-peer distribution network. Every transaction that occurs in the Bitcoin system is recorded in that public and distributed transactions ledger. Since the components in that ledger are blocks with transactions and the blocks are “chained” in time and in a cryptographic sequence, the ledger in the Bitcoin system is called blockchain.
That full blockchain of all transactions that were performed in the Bitcoin system before the specific transaction can be used to verify new transactions. The transactions are verified against the blockchain to ensure that the same Bitcoins have not been previously spent. This approach eliminates the double-spending problem. The essence of the verification procedure for a single transaction in fact is the test of the balance of the sending account. The test is very normal and natural: payment of a certain amount of the currency can be made only of the balance of the outgoing account is equal or larger than the payment amount. Current balance of an account is established by tracing all incoming and outgoing transactions for that account.
The procedure to verify the validity of individual transactions and to prevent double-spending is based on the use of special type of cryptographic protocol called public-key cryptography. With this type of cryptographic systems each user has two cryptographic keys. They are mutually related in the sense that, what ever the one key encrypts, the other key can decrypt. One of the two keys is a private key that is kept secret, and the other key is public key that can be shared with all other users in the system. When a user wants to make a payment to another user, the sender transfers certain amount of Bitcoins from his/her account to the account of the receiver. This action is performed by the sender by creating a payment message, called a “transaction,” which contains recipient’s public key – receiving address and payment amount. The transaction is cryptographically processed by the sender’s private key, the operation called digital signing, and as the result digital signature is created and appended to the transaction.
By using sender’s private key every user in the system can verify that the transaction was indeed created by the indicated sender, as his/her private key can successfully decrypt the content of the digital signature. The exchange is authentic, since the transaction was also cryptographically processed with the recipient’s public key, the operation which is called digital enveloping. This transformation guarantees that the transaction can be accepted and processed only by the holder of the corresponding private key, which is the intended recipient.
Every transaction, and thus the transfer of ownership of the specified amount of Bitcoins, is inserted, then time-stamped, and finally displayed in one “block” of the blockchain. Public-key cryptography ensures that all computers in the network have a constantly updated and verified record of all transactions within the Bitcoin network, which prevents double-spending and fraud.

1.2 The Concept and Features of the Bitcoin System

There are many concepts and even more operational payment systems today in the world. Some are standard paper–based, some are digital and network based. What makes Bitcoin unique and distinctive, compared with all other payment systems that are in use today, are several of its core features.
The first of them is that the system uses its own currency. The reason for using its own currency is to make the system independent of financial institutions as trusted third parties. The unit of the currency is called Bitcoin. The currency is so called crypto currency, because it is generated and used based on execution of certain cryptographic algorithms and protocols. Performing specific cryptographic protocols is in the heart of operations to create new Bitcoins, to transfer them between transaction parties, and to validate the correctness of transactions.
Since appearance of Bitcoins, several new systems were introduced that use cryptography to manage its own currency, so all such currencies represent the category of crypto currencies. Later in this Report, some other digital / virtual currencies will be described that are created and managed using some other principles, so they are not called crypto currency. At the time of writing this Report, all such digital virtual currencies were called with general term tokens, sometimes also digital assets tokens. The reason is that they were created by the process called collateralization and therefore they are related to the value of some categories of real world assets which is expressed in digital tokens units.
The second interesting and important feature of the Bitcoin system is that the logical relationship between the two transaction parties is direct, peer-to–peer, i.e. there are no other parties that participate in the transaction. This is an important feature and benefit / advantage of the system that contributes to its efficiency when compared with the todays complex and expensive financial payment infrastructures and protocols. However, for distribution of transactions to their validators and later to all other members in the Bitcoin system the physical flow of each transaction is very complex and includes many parties.
It should be emphasized that performing transactions as direct, peer-to–peer transfers is one of the key features and the most significant reason for many benefits and advantages of the Bitcoin system. This approach is the key feature of the Bitcoin system as it enables security and anonymity of parties, efficiency in performing transactions, scaling of the system, and instantaneous settlement of payments. Therefore, supporting execution and validation of serious business peer–to–peer transactions is one of the core benefits of the blockchain concept, as it changes the current paradigm of Internet applications and transactions. Currently all Internet applications are organized and performed as client–server transactions. Such transactions are not efficient, do not provide sufficient privacy of participants, have dependencies on third parties and usually are vulnerable due to attacks of functional problems with large centralized application servers.
The next very important characteristic of the Bitcoin system is anonymity of users, their accounts, and transactions. This property means that the identities of the participants in the system are not known even to the partners performing a payment transaction. All other system operations – receiving payments, making payments, validating transactions, etc. are also performed anonymously. Interpreting this property correctly, the anonymity of transaction participants is so called pseudo-anonymity. Namely, in the process of validating transactions, all previous transactions of the sender are traced back to the original initial transaction. If that initial transaction was the purchase of Bitcoins at some Bitcoin Exchange, then the identity of the original owner of Bitcoins is known. Most if not all service providers in the Bitcoin system today require very strict identification of participants for the purpose of enforcing legal and regulated transactions and include certain restrictions of transaction frequency and amounts. This procedure, although understandable from the legal and regulatory point of view, has in fact in essence changed one of the core principles of the original concept of the Bitcoin system – full anonymity of users.
Better solution for fully anonymous payment transactions is so called zero–knowledge protocol, where the identity and authorization to perform Bitcoin transactions, is validated by anyone without revealing any identity information of the parties. The only problem with this approach is revealing the identity of transaction participants to law enforcement authorities in case of illegal transactions. But, such authorities have special authorization under the law and they should be enabled to get identifying information about transaction participants in the process of legal law enforcement procedures. But, all other service providers do not have such status, so if Bitcoin principles are strictly followed, they should not be able to have identifying information about system participants.
This approach and potential improvement of the Bitcoin system implies that the system needs one of the classical security services: role–based authorization. In such arrangement, there would be at least two categories of system participants: those that are authorized to maintain and access identifying information about the participants and those that are only authorized to perform transactions. In the first category are legal authorities, like police, driving license authorities, tax authorities, etc. In the context of the standard Identities Management Systems, such participants are called Identity Providers. All others are Identity Verifiers. Therefore, one of the main conclusions about true anonymity in the Bitcoin system is establishment of a sophisticated and multi-role Identities Management System, where some parties will be authorized Identity Providers and all others will be Identity Validators. Finally, referring back to the infrastructure of the Bitcoin system to perform and validate transactions – blockchain, the conclusion is that what is needed, as one of the most important extensions of the current concept of anonymity of Bitcoins participants, is an Identity Management System based itself on the use of blockchain and without Identity Providers as trusted third parties. Creation, distribution, use and validation of identities are transactions in the system, equivalent to payment transactions, so they should also be performed using blockchain protocol. Such system, that can provide reliable identities of all participants may be called Blockchain Identity Management System.
Another very important feature of the original concept of the Bitcoin system is that it is not controlled by any financial institution, by any regulatory body or by any legal financial authority when it comes to issuing Bitcoins and determining their value. This means that the currency used in the system and all transactions are exempted from any legal and financial rules and regulations. The rules controlling Bitcoin system are built in its code. This property is usually called “rule by the technical code”, as the rules of system operations, built in the code of its operational components, control and rule the operations of the system [UK, 2016], Chapter 3. This property is sometimes described as “control by the community”, i.e. the participating users.
This property implies that the value of Bitcoins is determined solely on the market – based on its supply and demand. This is quite natural approach, as the value of shares of companies are also determined on an open trading market. However, such approach implies that the value of Bitcoin, as crypto currency, is volatile related to fiat currencies. This property represent serious problem to perform payments using Bitcoin. It is well-known that volatile currencies are not suitable for payments. The practice of all the years while Bitcoins are in use has shown that its volatility represents one of the major obstacles for its main purpose – to be used as the payment system. In fact, it was announced that in 2019 the total value of Bitcoin transactions performed was about $ 11 T. However, unfortunately, only about 1.3% of those transactions were payments, all others were trading manipulations on exchanges. Based on that, it may be clearly stated that Bitcoin today is not used as the payment system, but as currency manipulation system. This is one of the main problems with the concept and current implementation and deployment of Bitcoin system and in near future may represent the main reason for its decline in popularity.

1.3 Innovative Contributions of the Bitcoin System

Besides an effective procedure to transfer an amount of crypto currency from one user (account) to another user (account), the major and indeed an essential contribution of the concept of the Bitcoin is the solution to the general problem how to establish trust between two mutually unknown and otherwise unrelated parties to such an extent and certainty that sensitive and secure transactions can be performed with full confidence over an open environment, such as Internet. In all current large scale and not only financial systems that problem is solved by using the assistance of third parties. For many (may be even all) current Internet applications and transactions those third parties are integrated and linked into a large, complex, expensive and vulnerable operational infrastructures. Examples of such infrastructures today are bankcard networks supporting global international payments, global international banking networks supporting international financial transfers, Public–Key Infrastructures (PKI), Identity Management Systems, and many others. It is a general consent that such infrastructures are expensive and, more important, vulnerable to external and internal attacks.
In addition to the complexity and vulnerabilities of such current operational supporting infrastructures, another requirement and prerequisite to use their services is that users must put the complete trust in these third parties. Accepting to trust those third–party service providers is the necessary and mandatory prerequisite to use their services.
Therefore, one of the most important contributions of the concept of Bitcoin is that it solves the issue how two parties, mutually unknown to each other in advance and otherwise completely unrelated, can perform sensitive and secure transactions, such as transfer of money – payments, but without assistance of any third party and without the need to place trust in any component of the system.
The practical benefits of solving this problem and the most important consequence of the solution for this problem – Bitcoin system, is that it provides the possibility for one Internet user to transfer not only Bitcoins, but also any other form of digital asset to or shared with another Internet user, such that the transfer is guaranteed to be safe and secure, that everyone knows that the transfer has been performed, and nobody can challenge the legitimacy of the transfer.
This feature of the Bitcoin system generated many very new, creative and innovative ideas where the concept equivalent to the Bitcoin can be used to perform secure and reliable transactions between users in an open community handling any type of digital asset ([Andreesen, 2014], [Sparkes, 2014], [UniCredit, 2016], [BitID, 2015], [PoE, 2015]). The examples of such applications and transactions range from commercial transitions, real estate transactions, energy trading, electronic voting, medical applications, and many others ([Kounelis, 2015], [Muftic, 2016]). The concept of blockchain as technology supporting validation of all such transactions is therefore called disruptive technology.
As the conclusion in this section, we may give a definition of blockchain:
Blockchain is an innovative concept, implemented as an infrastructure comprising multiple and distributed servers, mutually linked by special broadcasting and synchronization protocols, managing immutable objects with the purpose to enable and protect secure peer–to–peer transactions in a global and open environment.

1.4 Summary of Problems and Potential Solutions

In section 1.2 several problems of the Bitcoin system were mentioned and potential solutions for these problems were outlined. Recently, at the time of writing this Technical Report, several sources, mainly personal blogs and articles, appeared with very interesting opinions and statements regarding some other serious Bitcoin problems. Some of them are problems with the concept of the system, some problems of its design, and some problems of operations. In this section some of these problems are briefly summarized including suggestions for their potential solutions. The source of some problems was the article [Ein, 2018].
Problem 1: Complex Crypto Algorithms
Problem: Bitcoins is crypto currency and cryptographic algorithms used in the current version are very complex, based on the concept of proof–of–work, and require long time, special hardware and a lots of energy to perform
Potential Solution: Potential solution fro this problem is to use cryptographic algorithms that are simpler and therefore more efficient to execute and need less energy
Problems with Potential Solution: Lowering the complexity of crypto algorithms introduces vulnerability to hackers. Therefore, what is needed are strong algorithms and simple to perform for regular users and complex to break by hackers
Problem 2: Indirect Transactions, not Peer–to–Peer
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays implementation Bitcoin payment transactions are not performed as direct, peer–to–peer transactions. They are performed indirectly, submitted to the Bitcoin network, and recipients receive them indirectly, by downloading validated transactions from the ledger
Potential Solution: Transactions should be performed directly, by transferring them directly between two users
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is validation of transaction for proof of possession of Bitcoins by the sender and for prevention of double-spending. Therefore, what is needed is the protocol to validate peer–to–peer transactions.
Problem 3: Anonymity of Users not provided
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays deployments of additional system components, mainly exchanges, users are not anonymous
Potential Solution: Blockchain–based Distributed Identity Management System with Role-based Authorizations
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with potential solution is that it depends on trusted third parties with authorized roles. Therefore, what is needed is blockchain-based Identity Management System using hybrid (permissioned and unpermissioned) blockchain
Problem 4: Volatile Value, not suitable for Payments
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed that Bitcoin is payment system, volatile value of the currency makes it inconvenient for payments
Potential Solution: Crypto currency with stable value
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that the value of Bitcoins is determined on the secondary market, during its trading (cash-in / cash-out). Therefore, what is needed is crypto currency that does not have volatile value
The remaining problems in this section are quoted from [Ein, 2018]:
Problem 5: Negative Environmental Impact
Problem: Mining algorithms and operational facilities (“mining farms”) consume too much electrical energy, based on the “proof-of-work” protocol
Potential Solution: Using mining algorithms that consume less energy, either as simpler / lighter crypto algorithms or using alternative crypto protocols to protect transactions integrity (“proof-of-stake”)
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that simpler / lighter algorithms open vulnerabilities to hackers while alternative crypto protocols are not backward compatible with the current system
Problem 6: Slow Performance (Delays) / Low Throughput
Problem: Due to blocking and the designed time for protection of transactions (10 minutes) Bitcoin system has very slow performance – transactions are validated in about an hour and transaction processing throughput is about 7 transactions per second
Potential Solution: Using transaction validation algorithms and protocols that do not need blocking of transactions, but transactions should be validated individually
Problems with Potential Solution: There are no serious problems with the proposed potential solution
Problem 7: Limited Number of Bitcoins
Problem: Due hardware and other types of failures, the number of available Bitcoins in the system is constantly reducing
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to use smaller portions of Bitcoin (“Satoshi”) or introduce hard-fork by splitting the amount of available Bitcoins
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the first solution that it is not user-friendly and the problem with the second solution is backwards compatibility.
Problem 8: Real Value of Bitcoins
Problem: The value of Bitcoins is purely psychological and reflects only pure market speculations
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to peg the value of Bitcoin to local fiat currencies in countries of deployments
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the potential solution is that such Bitcoins would be a new class of Bitcoins, not traded on exchanges and not volatile
At the end of this section, it is very interesting to quote two opinions about the future of Bitcoin and blockchain:
[Ein, 2018]: “It seems that Bitcoin will likely cease to have meaningful value*, defeating the whole point and philosophy imagined by Satoshi Nakamoto, the alleged inventor of Bitcoin. Its current value appears to be purely psychological, and the hype seems to be driven by irrational exuberance, greed and speculation. Modern human history has seen many* bubbles*, including the dot-com bubble, the housing bubble and even the tulip bubble. However, when these bubbles exploded, many excellent dot-com companies survived, most houses regained their value and tulips still have meaning and carry value in our lives today. But what will happen when the Bitcoin bubble bursts? What* utility or residual value will Bitcoin have to consumers and businesses? Most likely none*. And this is the real problem with Bitcoin and crypto currencies.*
Bitcoin will likely go down in history as a great technological invention that popularized blockchain yet failed due to its design limitations*. Just like the industrial revolution was fueled by the combustion engine, Nakamoto’s most valuable contribution is the* blockchain polymorphic engine that will further accelerate innovation in the post-information age and immensely affect our lives”.
This quote makes two very important and far–reaching predictions:
(1) Bitcoin, as the payment system will disappear (“. . . will go down in history”), and
(2) The most valuable contribution of the Bitcoin system is blockchain
This article was written in 2018. It is very interesting to notice that at the time of writing this Technical Report, (1) Bitcoin was still “alive” and (2) the concept and deployments of blockchain were in serious trouble.
Based on the principle of positive and creative approach, in the rest of this Technical Report, besides description of all technical details of the Bitcoin system, some potential solutions for its improvement will also be discussed.
However, contrary to the predicted status of Bitcoin, it seems that the predicted status of blockchain, in 2020 was still facing serious problems.
[Barber, 2019]: What's Blockchain Actually Good for, Anyway? For Now, Not Much
“Not long ago, blockchain technology was touted as a way to track tuna, bypass banks, and preserve property records. Reality has proved a much tougher challenge”.

[Lucanus, 2020]: Has Blockchain Failed Before It Even Really Began?

“Just as everyone was getting really excited about its potential, it appears blockchain is dead. For a technology that was supposed to transform and solve seemingly every problem in the world, the enthusiasm is fading pretty quickly”.
At the time of writing this Technical Report, there were many new blockchain – concepts, design and even several deployed and operational instances. Some of them are even very popular, but only among enthusiastic developers. The overall trends with real life deployments, and more and more comments about the capabilities and features of blockchains are appearing with negative connotation. Therefore, seems that even for blockchain some innovative concepts and approaches are needed. They are beyond the scope of this Technical Report and will be addressed in some of our follow-up reports.
submitted by Theus5 to btc [link] [comments]

PSA: Take Profits and Protect Yourself

With all the new investors here I want to to provide a heartfelt warning to the investors that lurk here frequently.
Myself and nearly everyone here has made a lot of money off of this mania and it’s time to talk about taking profits off the table.
Like with every mania that has come before us the peak is intense and causes investors to panic, make unwise financial decisions, and have the fear of missing out.
The clinical definition of Mania - ‘mental illness marked by periods of great excitement, euphoria, delusions, and overactivity.’
You can see the obvious correlation to what is happening with bitcoin and related cryptocurrencies.
Fact is, ‘Hodl’ is poor advice. The wise investor has read about the railway bubble the .com bubble and previous economic manias. The clear cut answer is they rise fast and they fall faster.
‘Hodling,’ sure it can make sense if you are committed to it for years, but it is more wise to take this opportunity to better yourself and your family.
The first rule of investments is to only invest what you can afford to lose. You may be living a comfortable life and not worried about your debts. But the market (cryptos and stock market) is due for a correction, and debts feel magnified in a recession.
Should you take everything out? You have to use your judgment here but consider the following:
Do you have credit card payments you are paying ~20% interest on? Student loans? Car payment(s)?
Take this opportunity to pull profits and pay off your debts. Do what is best for yourself and your family. Put money aside to invest in your education and free yourself from the debt that the average investor here has plenty of.
For when this bubble bursts you want to be the smart guy that can say, ‘I made out just fine - I no longer have a car payment.’ You do not want to be the one that has to answer the questions ‘how much bitcoin did you have? How much did you make’ and have to respond with ‘a thousand or two.’
Sincerely, please take care of yourselves.
I’ll leave you with some homework: Find someone that invested into the .com bubble and ask them ‘What was it like when the bubble popped. How fast was it, what thoughts were going through your mind. What do you recommend that I do right now.’
—————
The warning signs are coming more frequently every day:
Charlie Lee is tweeting ‘Caution’
People are taking out loans and mortgages to buy cryptocurrencies.
The market has increased over 100% in a month.
Wall Street has incentives to short.
Everyone is talking about bitcoin.
Edit: one last thought in my mind - perhaps an imperfect analogy. During the .com bubble, internet browsers and companies were not the revolutionary technology, like bitcoin. The revolutionary technology was the internet or for us, the blockchain technology.
Edit2: I wanted to create and edit to bring attention to some of the comments in this post. As a redditor said, there are many strategies to take profits, of course, do your own research on how to properly take profits.
Best of luck to you fine ladies and gentlemen. It is my intention with this post to make the hard working investors here grounded and happy. Best wishes, -cockatiel.
submitted by Cockatiel to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

What are the possible scenarios for the next 3-5 years

I have seen a lot of talks in this sub about an upcoming recession and the burst of the everything bubble, but I'd like to try and list some of the possible scenarios for the coming years, along with the corresponding strategy. These are just my thoughts so feel free to correct me if you think I'm wrong somewhere and to add any other outcome you think is possible (not necessarily likely). Here are a few examples of what I have in mind:
1) Status quo: The current deflationary pressures continue, allowing central banks to keep on issuing more debt. Fundamental indicators remain strong and valuations keep on rising. Negative interest rates become more and more widespread. Strategy: Invest in the general market (indicial ETFs, growth strategies).
2) Plateau: Valuations hit a plateau and the markets start exhibiting punctual moderate drawdowns, followed by long periods of moderate growth. Strategy: Value investment and flight to quality, carry more cash to take advantage of the punctual drawdowns.
3) Inflation: Inflation finally catches up, forcing central banks to stop quantitative easing and increase interest rates. The market drops over the course of several months. Strategy: Carry cash (unless you think inflation is going to hit really hard), gold, bitcoins
4) Reset: Global debt is reset as is has almost become purely theoretical (more than 300% of global GDP). Strategy: Own hard assets (gold and other commodities, real estate).
5) Monetary decentralization: The monetary system becomes decentralized thanks to blockchain. Definitely a stretch on a 3-5 horizon, but a possibility on the longer term. Strategy: Similar to 4) I guess as 5 could be a consequence of 4.
Please pitch in!
submitted by NinjaCarcajou to investing [link] [comments]

I doubt this is helpful, but FWIW...

...as an investor who began my career right before the dot-com bubble burst and invested through the Great Recession, take some comfort in the fact that this experience is providing you younger investors with the perspective necessary to be successful over the long term. If you observe early in life that that there are relatively equal forces at all times trying to make money both on the long and the short side of any asset class, it will give you more opportunity to find long-term success. It's my opinion that without losing your ass once or twice, you can't possibly become a great long-term investor.
Take heart in the potential that is being created in you. If you keep the memory of this and use it to grow, you'll have an advantage going forward, be better attuned to risk and speculative market behavior, and you'll give yourself more opportunity to generate higher long-term returns.
I wanted to give it all up in late 2000...but for whatever reason I stuck with it, and it was worth it. If investing has called to you as a career or hobby, that is a great thing.
Just my 2c. Good luck out there.
P.s. I apologize if this sounds pretentious or anything like that. Definitely not my intention.
Edit: I really hope the following is helpful, and sorry for the crap formatting.
TL;DR - You all know FOMO/FUD really well, and that can be used in more established markets to make solid returns. Measuring risk is as important as measuring your potential returns, always compare. People with no investment experience jumping into an asset class/tons of top-down analysis on an asset class usually means its close to a top. Your experience has value, so don't look at your bank account as the only asset you have...you've all gained experience and that has tons of value, sometimes more than you've lost in money. More investor activity doesn't always equate to more buying, but more balance/rationality, which for an overheated/risky asset can lead to more selling.
I was asked by u/Cryptomoolah about examples of investment learnings I have gathered over the years, so here goes…
  • You guys have experienced some crazy FOMO/FUD levels, so watch for that in more established industries. People still sometimes work themselves into a frenzy over really big markets…oil/gas, financials, pharma, retail…guess what? These are gigantic markets with insanely huge infrastructure underneath them, and they end up weathering BS market sentiment over time much better than people realize, but when FUD hits these guys, look the opposite way. This worked for me well during the recession…NFW all those giant companies were going out of business, and I got some great basis in some very established names. Works same for FOMO …people think we are going to run out of oil, and price of oil goes to $150 and oil stocks skyrocket? We aren’t running out of oil anytime soon, so good idea to reduce your position. Watch for frenzied thinking…you’ve all just graduated with a college degree in FOMO/FUD.
  • Every investment comes with an implied risk measure associated with it. I think about this absolutely every day, every time I choose to deploy capital. You think something can go up 10x? Well, if there is an equal chance it can be down 90%, then (simplistically) you are looking at a 0% risk-adjusted return…and I’d look at other opportunities. There is no such thing as a financial return that didn’t have risk associated. Being a good investor means accurately assessing the risk associated with an investment, and measuring your potential return relative to that. There are complicated formulas around risk measures, but I personally like to think about it simply relative to volatility. It’s just a proxy, but it works…i.e. what is the maximum this asset could fluctuate in price before I’d really be surprised? That gives you a sense of the underlying risk, and therefore how much you need it to “return” to you for it to be worth it. It’s not perfect, but it can keep you out of trouble. For example, some people would say that venture investments usually have a 30-50% risk premium associated, so funds typically need to see a path to returns above that measure to have a positive risk-adjusted return
  • One of my go-to’s (which again, isn’t perfect but something I’ve seen happen) is when retail investors start pouring into an asset class, especially with margin, you are closer to a top than you realize.
  • Top-down analysis is a killer. Hearing how big the market could be and what percentage market share the product will take? That is empty analysis and it absolutely ravaged investors during the dot-com bubble. I mean annihilated. SO many investments based on that flawed thinking.
  • Business model sustainability can get lost during euphoria. Can the businesses being invested in ever really turn a profit, and sustain themselves? What happens when things get more competitive, outside capital dries up, etc?
  • To my earlier point about symmetric pressures on asset classes, one of my good friends asked for my opinion prior to the CBOE opening options trading for bitcoin. At the time, I advised him against investing, simply because options entering a “long-only” situation will pretty much 100% going to focus on shorting. I didn’t do a particularly good job of convincing him though, since he went in anyway. At the end of the day, more exchanges, more funds, more volume, more investors doesn’t just equate to more buying. It equates to more balance, which as the size of the asset class grows, the pressure for balance increases. Keep that in mind too with all this ETF stuff…
  • One very successful, smart PM I knew a long time ago said that if an investment you bought is down 20%, sell it regardless of how much you believe in it. What he meant was you aren’t as intelligent as you think you are, and therefore sometimes mistakes you make are not visible to you right away. An investment you went into that is down 20%, in his mind, is more likely a mistake than a temporary market glitch. He’s basically saying you got the risk-adjusted return wrong, so bail. I admit I have ignored this concept throughout my career, and I have usually been killed for doing so.
  • As far as making you feel better or dealing with being down big, look at it this way: Everything you have is an asset. Your money, your relationships, your reputation, your mind, your experience, your word. So you used to have $60k and now have $20k? You gained $40k of market experience. I could see betting long-term on an investor who has $10k after losing 90% of his/her original principal before I would bet on that same investor with $100k without that experience. Fact is, over the long term having a healthy respect for financial loss/down markets is absolutely necessary for long term success. Don’t throw that away, but cherish it, nurture it, and weave the experience into your evolving investment philosophy.
Couple other things to watch out for (not necessarily avoid, just increase the risk measure):
  • Investments where you are only investing in the quality of the “team” (happens in every market, not just crypto) but without a viable business model,
  • Investments where the business is providing a solution where there isn’t a problem,
  • Investments with fundamental structural problems (no leverage over the supplier or customer, investments where revenue growth is driven dis-economically with no path to sustainability)
Again, just my 2c. My mentor would say you never take 100% of what anyone is saying based on their own experiences, but usually in any person's experience there is always something in there that you can take that is valuable. I hope I have provided something of value to someone.
Edit 2: Thanks to everyone for the kind responses! This is far and away the most engagement I've ever had with a post, and I so appreciate everyone taking the time.
As a few of you pointed out, I was incorrect with my risk-adjusted return example. I used an incomplete example that I will often use in venture investing, but stated it incorrectly and I apologize. The base concept is still valid, I.e. think about downside and incorporate that into your thinking about upside. But the corrected version would be if your investment has a 10% chance of a 10x and a 90% chance of a zero (a stereotypical VC investment scenario) then it's basically a 0% risk adjusted return. In reality, and I touched on this in my response to u/Astrocat15 who pointed out the error, the average investor would also have to come to terms with the possibility of being wiped out and whether that was an outcome that could be accepted, which for most people is not...
Personally, if something seems to have a ton of upside, a ton of downside and I can't get my arms around how to value the thing or weigh the scenarios, I lean towards overweighting the downside and will probably look elsewhere . I might still gamble for fun though...
Thanks everyone, good luck!
submitted by valuational to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Much Ado About Marketcaps

Long post. Salty TL;DR at the bottom.
It's become painfully clear to me that many of us need a clarification as to what the Market Capitalization of any given thing is and what that means for said thing.
So here are some facts:
1) The Market Capitalization of any given cryptocurrency is determined by the CIRCULATING SUPPLY multiplied by the PRICE PER ASSET. If you want to check me on that, multiply XRP's current price by the circulating supply and see what you get.
I'll wait. (I'm gonna assume you got the current Marketcap, anyway, next fact)
2) The Marketcap of any given cryptocurrency is the worth of the speculative value of all the coins that can currently be traded and therefore does not reflect actual fiat value but POTENTIAL fiat value and also does not necessarily reflect the worth of the companies or organizations underpinning the currency. Essentially, it's a benchmark and doesn't actually mean anything concrete that we can't already tell from existing figures.
3) The TOTAL EXISTING SUPPLY does NOT matter in terms of Marketcap. Because given the definition of a market, whatever doesn't circulate through the hands of buyers and sellers is by definition NOT a part of the market and does not get figured into Market Cap.
So with that being said.
STOP WITH THE STOCK COMPARISONS. Stocks are directly affected by how the company is doing within the overall market rather than these assets which are literally either speculative or real use case value based on the tech itself and its adoption. VERY DIFFERENT THINGS. Especially in our case where Ripple and XRP are NOT tied to each other in value necessarily.
This is not the same as shares in a company. Traditional metrics do NOT apply and we ALL have to be much more open minded about what direction the value of XRP will take whether good or bad. And if you want examples of that close mindedness in my opinion, here:
A.) People tend to say "Oh well, if XRP reaches this price then it'll exceed the marketcap of Bitcoin and so it's unrealistic"
This is simply conditioning. While market sentiment does have impeccable control over the determination of value, especially considering that this is a speculative market, once any given tradition is broken in this market it STAYS broken. This is the nature of tech and nascent tech markets especially (after all, cryptocurrency is essentially fintech). So to permanently assume that XRP could never overtake Bitcoin's marketcap is silly at best.
We cannot predict the future.
The same way there are things much more valuable than gold despite it being the standard for many currencies, Bitcoin can become a store of value and standard of value despite other assets holding more value in total.
B.) Yes, there ARE 100,000,000,000 XRP in total (actually a lil less now that many have been burned off for transactions) but there are only about 40% of that in circulation. People worry about the idea that the escrow holding the majority of XRP might unlock, but the only real reason that would happen is demand exceeding supply and that is a GOOD thing for us investors. And the only reason that would happen is major banks going live and needing a certain amount of XRP that could match the scale of their cross border settlement and remittances burden. So again, if you want to figure out potential marketcap, forget the other 60bn at least for now (same way NEO actually has 100million total but 50million is stowed outside of the market)
And here's some more food for thought. After adjusting for inflation the internet bubble didn't truly burst until about 9.6 TRILLION USD. And that was just valuation of companies based in the specific use of the internet and what that would bring. And this was at a time (late 90's early 2000's) when internet access was in NO way ubiquitous like it is today.
WE ARE LITERALLY AND ACTUALLY DEALING WITH A NEW WAY TO DO MONEY FOR ALL OF HUMANITY AT ONCE. Not only that, but this new archetype of value is now leveraging an already insanely massive network that just about everyone will be able to somehow have access to in the coming years. So even the idea that this market bubbles at 10Trillion is small minded, especially because it's supposed to hopefully become the new main method of using money WITHOUT THE LIMITATION OF BORDERS.
And to bring the point home.
RIPPLE PLANS TO USURP SWIFT AND BECOME A NEW STANDARD FOR MONEY TRANSFER. And between SWIFT, CHIPS, And FedWire, you have QUADRILLIONS of dollars being handled and transferred every year.
This is NOT to say that XRP will reach some insane price by the end of this year. And this is not to say it won't. This is simply to provide better perspective so that I can stop reading trash arguments about XRP's valuation on every goddamn post in this sub. Get informed, do more research, and stop shutting down possibilities in either direction and realize that we are on the forefront of an international revolution in the longest standing trade mechanism we have developed.
TL;DR: Your conventional wisdom, your cynicism, your maximalism, and/or stock experience means literally as much as marketcap does:
Nothing.
(P.S. That's why this post is titled Much Ado About Marketcaps)
submitted by BigFriendlyGaybro to Ripple [link] [comments]

The definitive guide to investing in altcoins (with real advice inside)

I started studying crypto currencies about 6 months ago. I discovered that there were hundreds of coins and I figured some of them would be great investments for the future to diversify a portfolio of more traditional investments.
I kept looking and looking for these gems while everything that I discarded was tripling in value. Then it hit me, I just wasn’t looking in the right direction.
If you are new to crypto and are confused by what seems like the latest case of crowd madness, this guide is for you, but first

Important definitions:

Coin value: the usefulness of a coin to solve real-world problems in less convoluted ways than incumbents. Do not confuse with coin price, while coin value is most likely 0, coin price can be any number between 0 and 12581.
Cryptopartnership: when the CEO of a crypto company runs into an employee of a famous company in a bar, does an elevator pitch and hears “yeah it sounds interesting, let’s keep in touch”. The cryptopartnership is only sealed after pictures are taken, tweets are sent and the reputable company is name-dropped everywhere on the website. Do not confuse with partnership (see below)
Crypto echo-chamber: the place where you can discuss how disruptive your next investment is while ignoring the fact that the entire crypto eco-system has only produced ponzi-schemes and speculation vehicles in 8 years of existence. Unlike smart contracts, the crypto echo-chamber has not yet been breached.
Crypto market cap: a number based on the bulletproof logic that if I buy one of your coins for $10 and you own 100M coin, you just created a $1B currency.
Crypto-problems: problems that are only problems in the crypto world. For example “Blockchain A” and “Blockchain B” cannot communicate, we need a coin to fix that. It doesn’t matter that Blockchains A and B don’t solve real world problems, your coin is solving a massive crypto-problem.
FUD: Anything that triggers questioning of otherwise sound crypto investments.
HODL: The act of keeping coins no matter what, in the hope that in the future someone else will purchase them at a much higher price. Only works if in the meantime your exchange doesn’t get hacked / doesn’t hack itself / doesn’t go bankrupt / isn’t taken down by the feds or if your wallet isn’t hacked or so dysfunctional you can’t access your coins when the time comes. Also called bag-holding in the real world.
Partnership: an agreement between companies to put resources together to achieve a common goal. Can happen between two crypto companies, between two normal companies, but not between one company and one crypto company. If you try to force a partnership against nature, you are breaking the crypo echo chamber and will end up like Monaco coin (rip).

Let's get to it

I will make this clear: the altcoins ecosystem only thrived because nobody questions the following four paradigms:
-the world needs smart contracts
-everything is better with tokens
-decentralized > centralized
-you can solve complex problems without trusting anybody
Once you stop questioning these paradigms, the entire ecosystem almost makes sense. Coin X is better than coin Y because it can handle twice as many transactions / is 3rd generation smart contracts / supports Java etc…
But if you do, you will see the boulevard of broken dreams that it really is.
-bitcoin is burning more electricity than Ireland to painfully cough 7 transactions per second.
-ethereum, who was supposed to have solved the tps problem was brought on its knees this week by an app that lets you buy virtual kittens.
-most of the top 100 coins don’t have a working product, let alone a working wallet
-almost nobody is using coins the way they are intended to be used

Not convinced ? FUD ? Just take the value proposition of a random coin and assume that this is a startup.

A startup is coming to you saying that they want to launch an advertising platform on Brave. You know Brave right ? And in Brave there will be ads but better ads, and not only people will be happy to see them but advertisers will like to post them because they will know how long people looked at them. Users will toss Chrome and Firefox, multinationals will dump Google and funnel all their marketing $ in your platform. Would you invest in this startup ? Would you give it $192M in market cap like Basic Attention Token has ?
Now does that mean that you can’t make money off altcoins ? Of course you can, but you have to forget about value and focus on the right factors.

There are only three factors that will drive the price of altcoins

1. How strong is the marketing team of the coin ?

The crypto world needs frequent updates to stay hyped, without updates HODLers may start thinking about the coin value.
Good updates example:
-”tomorrow’s tweet is gonna be good, stay tuned”
-”welcome random sockpuppet to our team”
-”the new wallet is 60% ready”
-”we are making progress on the tech” (whatever that means, it is enough)
-new commits on Github
-”we are progressing on our roadmap”
Very good updates:
-a new exchange listing the coin
-crypto-partnership with a well known company
-more ambitious roadmap released (“we didn’t deliver anything yet because we realized we can achieve something even bigger”)
-mock-up of something resembling a real-use case, even if they can’t even make it work with the existing tech (cough iota cough)
-if you buy our coin now, we will airdrop/fork you another token for free
Bad updates:
-our partnership didn’t go through, or is of a much smaller scope than we wanted because it turns out real companies don’t invest resources in vaporware after all.
-we want to solve crypto governance but we are too busy solving our own governance in our team of 3 people
-something got hacked
-we will be late on our roadmap
-a AMA where you actually try to provide real answers and you expose yourself for the fraud you are. Avoid, or call critics idiots (cough iota cough)
NB: the coin’s value is irrelevant for this factor, the focus of all this is the price and the price only.

2. How much shilling is available from the community ?

Constant, relentless, braindead shilling is what you are looking for. On many different platforms and from many different accounts. Note that shilling is much easier if the elevator pitch of the coin is smoothe. “Vertcoin is ASIC’s resistant and will resist centralization, it’s the people’s coin”. If you want to see an example of good shilling salttoken.
How do I know if my coin has enough shilling ? Can you find negative information (or worse, FUD) about your coin easily ? Do you see constructive discussions anywhere ? When the coin’s price is going up, do you see many comments questioning the rationale of the pump ? If the answer to all these questions is no, you are on the right path.
If people are banned from reddit / chats, if critics are silenced and downvoted to hell, if you find news about your coin on “generic” subreddits like cryptomarkets, you got yourself a winner.
NB: the coin’s value is irrelevant for this factor.

3. Does the coin actually have any obvious value ?

By obvious I mean that if you feel that the business model could work without coins, the coin doesn’t have any obvious value. Consider this factor as non critical for short/medium term gains. Having 3 but not 1 and 2 may result in short term losses as money moves away from your coin to more hyped projects.
If you want an example of a coin with obvious value, you have Monero. It allows for fully anonymous transactions. Fees are high and TPS are low but it doesn’t intend to become a transactional currency. It has one job, it does it correctly, nothing else allows you to whitewash money that easily -> it has value.

TL;DR

Look out for 1 and 2, if 3 is poor you still have a good coin to speculate. No coin has 1, 2 and 3 covered.
Special thanks to
David Gerard for making the best bang for bucks ebook of the year.
IOTA and their founders, for laying out the blueprint on how to successfully pump a vaporware to insane heights, while being absolute dicks to everybody all along the process.
Bitfinexed, for all his work. Which isn’t flawless, but I can understand that such a fraud dragging on for so long can devolve into an obsession.

FAQ

Coin X has 1, 2 and 3 covered ! No it doesn’t.
Shouldn’t I invest only in coins with obvious value ? Ideally yes, invest in coins with value, speculate with the rest. However, as with all bubbles, dumb money already lifted all boats, including those of valuable coins. After the bubble bursts, valuable coins will be the only ones with a price above 0, but it doesn’t mean that you won’t be looking at 80% losses.
submitted by Vibrantbiffle to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

IAMA Bitcoin Millionaire ask me anything!

In response to- https://www.reddit.com/IAmA/comments/7gudz8/ama_request_a_bitcoin_millionaire/
My 5 Questions:
How much did you buy and when? - In total I got in price wise 200-600 each during 2012-2014 I bought around 320, of which nearly 100 was spent early on due to rough times and another 50 on a house down payment. Now I hold roughly 150+ (knew about it when it was only 10 sadly i did not buy and i also lost some hard drives)
What did you originally buy it for? - Average looks to be roughly 450 for my main buys however I have also bought during runups at 4k-6k and even 8k
How easy was it to turn that wealth into real cash? - Pretty easy one of the main exchanges Gemini proved very convenient and I was able to transfer nearly 200k to a bank which will be used for the down payment of my house.
Do you think the bubble is about to burst? - No I believe we are just getting started, Definitely going to keep riding I've made the mistake of spending and selling early on too many times and its been constant regret
How smug are you now? - Not too smug, I do like saying I could retire if I really wanted to though. Its been a very great feeling.
Proof - Would be able to send various crypto balances to Mods for proof. Sent a message towards /iama
submitted by BTCmillionairethrow to IAmA [link] [comments]

David Sønstebø held an impromptu AmA on Discord. Here's all questions and answers.

"I think the foundation is stepping back from their 'training wheel' involvement with the Tangle ecosystem. I say this after witnessing CfB stating he isn't coming to Discord while also moving focus from the tangle to Jinn. Dom and David scaling back their level of communication."
We aren't really scaling back, just about priority of time
"Do you think IOTA could help with Brexit? The supply chain solutions IOTA enables could solve some of the major problems of Brexit. Mainly I'm thinking of the issue of the Northern Ireland border and the Single Market. Keep up the great work, and thankyou"
I still don't think Brexit will actually happen, at least not in any real capacity, the negotiations thus far is entirely symbolic. I'm not an expert on Northern Ireland vs rest of UK politics, so I'll refrain from issuing a superficial comment
"Where do you see yourself in 5 years?"
5 years is too far into the future to make any reasonable prediction, anyone who thinks they can even predict next week is a charlatan in my mind
"Do you have any targets for confirmation rate and CTPS over the next 3,6 and 12 months?"
definitely, we are aiming for 100-1000 CTPS by end of 2018, before going Uncoordinated mode where there is no actual limit
"when do you think we will be independent from btc? 2018?"
Define 'independent from btc', as all these new exchanges are listing IOTA we will naturally be a lot less 'tied' to bitcoin, however, as long as bitcoin is the de facto 'meta metric' to the majority of traders, it will still impact the entire crypto space
"Can you tell us any thing (even vaguely if you must) ABOUT PROJECT Q?"
Q will be quite the quaint upgrade
"what two things in the pipeline are you most excited about?"
Only two? Hmm.... CognIOTA is a big one, Q of course (but let's exclude it for the sake of this discussion), the next phase of phasing out the Coordinator
"How many Fullnodes we will need in future and will there be solution to have a full node very easy installation. At the moment its on limit for me and i am a non programmer. I did it. but I think the potential would be more huge if its more easy. But also quality before quantity should be also."
Full node demand depends on demand on the network, but we are making it as easy as possible. We are operating with the principle that even a "grandma on crack" should be able to do it, same with Trinity wallet
"What do you think about Power Ledger?"
I haven't had time to look deep into Power Ledger, however as a general comment I will say that it is redundant. IOTA can provide the same, except then it is part of a larger ecosystem. Imagine having to acquire milk tokens, bread tokens, beer tokens, chicken tokens, frozen pizza tokens etc. when going grocery shopping. The overhead would cause too much friction. It is the same with any economic system. IOTA's goal is to become cash equivalent; fungible value settlements
"With increasing talk of moving to Network bound PoW does that mean that the ternary asic in every iot device is no longer the plan?"
No, N-PoW will be elucidated soon, it does not depend on a specific ASIC
"IBM and shipping giant Maersk launch blockchain company for global logisics. Any chance for IOTA?"
definitely. Maersk and IBM are first tackling the trade finance, bill of lading etc. issues, but IBM/Linux' Hyperledger cannot do the fine granular data integrity etc.
"Will you implement some kind of distributed coordinator before mid 2018?"
from the looks of it, yes
"Do you think there will be a problem with replacing cash with IOTA, as people would rather hodl on to their iotas than spend because of expected value increase?"
I don't see IOTA (or crypto in general) as a replacement to cash. I see it as a supplement. IOTA can do things that cash can't, but on the front-end regular users will still be able to relate to their native currencies
"do you Think the current market crash is Over?"
everyone know that I hate speculation and consider anyone that pretend to predict the future as a charlatan. I'll make a general comment: even if the crypto 'bubble' were to burst, I still believe the genuine projects that are actually building serious technology and serious relationships with companies will continue to grow. This is the case with all bubbles, whether it is the gold rush, dotcom, social media, nano tech or wtf. The serious entities prospered more than they did at the peak of the 'bubble'
submitted by TripperBets to Iota [link] [comments]

The Statue of Liberty, Mystery Babylon, Freemasonry and The New Roman Empire / Fourth Reich

The Mother of Exiles and the Destruction of Babylon

I've always thought Mystery Babylon in Revelations was America. Lots of signs point to that. Inanna/Ishtar was known as the Whore of Babylon and Mother of Prostitutes because she supposedly started the practice of sacred prostitution. Inanna was the goddess of love, beauty, sex, desire, fertility, war, combat, justice, and political power.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacred_prostitution
Sacred prostitution, temple prostitution, cult prostitution,[1] and religious prostitution are general terms for a sexual rite consisting of sexual intercourse or other sexual activity performed in the context of religious worship, perhaps as a form of fertility rite or divine marriage (hieros gamos). Some scholars prefer the term sacred sex to sacred prostitution in cases where payment for services was not involved.
But some scholars believe that this practice never existed and has been misunderstood.
The practice of sacred prostitution has not been substantiated in any Ancient Near Eastern cultures, despite many popular descriptions of the habit.[7] Through the twentieth century, scholars generally believed that a form of sacred marriage rite or hieros gamos was staged between the king of a Sumerian city-state and the High Priestess of Inanna, the Sumerian goddess of sexual love, fertility, and warfare, but no certain evidence has survived to prove that sexual intercourse was included. Along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers there was a temple of Eanna, meaning house of heaven[8] dedicated to Inanna in the Eanna District of Uruk.This will be relevant in my next post about the source of Yahweh's narcissism but for now, I'm just using this to illustrate part of the reason I think America is Babylon.
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-KlpGZ9JO_d4/U0P2Y-3kfEI/AAAAAAAAMJs/PEwa9mPU67w/s1600/Lady+Liberty+-+Statue+of+Liberty+-+Inanna+-+Ishtar+-+Anunnaki.jpg
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-tSRx02UBNgI/U0P3ep3x4TI/AAAAAAAAMJ0/rtpe2JWA2ew/s1600/Roman+statue+goddess+libertas+-+staue+of+liberty.jpg
The Statue of Liberty is a representation of the Roman goddess Libertas. Which is a goddess that derived from many other goddesses: Inanna, Ishtar, Isis, Aphrodite, Venus, etc. Ultimately this goddess was transformed in a personification of America and liberty called Columbia. And just like Inanna, is it any wonder America seems to have 2 split sides to it? One side that is sexually repressed and all about virtue. And another that is obsessed with sex, violence, war
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_(name)
There's also the fact that the way Babylon is described sounds a lot like America. Getting the whole world drunk on our luxuries and riches, being arrogant and being fools who know nothing. This sounds like America too.
The Sumerians worshipped Inanna as the goddess of both warfare and sexuality. Unlike other gods, whose roles were static and whose domains were limited, the stories of Inanna describe her as moving from conquest to conquest. She was portrayed as young and impetuous, constantly striving for more power than she had been allotted.
Inanna also was depicted as riding a Lion and she associated with the planet Venus.
https://i.pinimg.com/originals/fc/b2/6e/fcb26ee6c838d85f53dada348b1d9863.jpg
http://www.mesopotamiangods.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/3a-Anu-Inanna-1.jpg
https://goddessinspired.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/inanna-descent.jpg
Regulus is a part of the constellation Leo and considered "the heart of the lion". Considering Regulus is a very important star in Trump's birth chart apparently, and that star was known as The King in Babylon (known as the little king as well in other places), that would make Trump the King of Babylon.
In 2014, Regulus was eclipsed by an asteroid for 14 seconds right over New York.
https://www.nymetroweather.com/tag/regulus/
An asteroid will pass directly in front of Regulus, one of the brightest stars in our night sky, next Wednesday — briefly blacking out the star in what astronomers are calling a “once in a lifetime” event. Better yet, New York City falls directly within the viewing path which is literally paper-thin on the earths scale. The event is so small, and so brief, that it will only be visible over a sliver of area. And this area happens to encompass millions of people in New York City, Northeast NJ and Long Island.
https://www.space.com/25084-regulus-star-lion-constellation-leo.html
On Thursday, March 20 2014, Regulus will participate in a rare celestial event when an asteroid passes directly in front of the star, as seen from Earth. The asteroid in question is 163 Erigone. Asteroid 163 Erigone is about 45 miles (72 km) wide, but its "shadow" slanting to Earth's surface will be 67 miles (108 km) wide.
Erigone's shadow will move on a southeast-to-northwest trajectory and will extend from New York City as well as western and central Long Island to Oswego in New York State, and then continues northwest, the length of Ontario to the Hudson Bay shore of Manitoba. Those who are within the shadow path and watching at just the right moment with just their eyes will see an amazing sight: Regulus will seem to abruptly disappear as if a switch had been thrown, blotted out by the tiny invisible asteroid.
Regulus will remain invisible for up to 14 seconds (for those situated along the center of the path); an incredible, albeit very brief occurrence.
This "once in a lifetime event" eclipsing right over New York. Where the Statue of Liberty is.
Revelations 17
There I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that was covered with blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman was dressed in purple and scarlet, and was glittering with gold, precious stones and pearls. She held a golden cup in her hand, filled with abominable things and the filth of her adulteries. 5 The name written on her forehead was a mystery:
15 Then the angel said to me, “The waters you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages. 16 The beast and the ten horns you saw will hate the prostitute. They will bring her to ruin and leave her naked; they will eat her flesh and burn her with fire. 17 For God has put it into their hearts to accomplish his purpose by agreeing to hand over to the beast their royal authority, until God’s words are fulfilled. 18 The woman you saw is the great city that rules over the kings of the earth.”
America's colors are red, white and blue. Red+Blue = Purple. Purple apparently represents royalty as well as vanity. Scarlet represents the blood of Christ and martyrs.
The woman was dressed in purple and scarlet
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purple
The color purple is also associated with royalty in Christianity, being one of the three traditional offices of Jesus Christ, i. e. king, although such a symbolism was assumed from the earlier Roman association or at least also employed by the ancient Romans.
In Europe and America, purple is the color most associated with vanity, extravagance, and individualism. Among the seven major sins, it represents vanity. It is a color which is used to attract attention
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scarlet_(color)
In the Roman Catholic Church, scarlet is the color worn by a cardinal, and is associated with the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs, and with sacrifice.
According to this, the creator wanted the Statue of Liberty to be covered in gold.
and was glittering with gold
https://parade.com/311395/viannguyen/10-things-you-didnt-know-about-the-statue-of-liberty-she-was-almost-gold/
**8.Bartholdi planned for the statue to be covered in gold.**In order to make the statue visible after dark, Bartholdi proposed that Americans raise the money to gild her. However, given how daunting and arduous a task it had been to gather even enough money to place the statue in New York harbor, no one followed through on paying the enormous cost of covering the massive statue in gold.
Not to mention this little interesting fact that brings the 2nd Beasts actions that are spoken of to mind.
:The second beast was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that the image could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be killed.
:**9. Thomas Edison once had plans to make the statue talk.**When Edison introduced the phonograph to the public in 1878, he told the newspapers that he was designing a “monster disc” for the interior of the Statue of Liberty that would allow the statue to deliver speeches that could be heard up to the northern part of Manhattan and across the bay. Thankfully, no one pursued that strange promise, which would have led to the odd experience of walking in New York and suddenly hearing the Statue of Liberty “talking.”
precious stones and pearls.
http://justfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-the-statue-of-liberty/
There are 25 windows in the crown which symbolize gemstones found on the earth and the heaven’s rays shining over the world.
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/10/that-time-the-statue-of-liberty-almost-got-a-glowing-wrist-watch/504110/
The sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi designed the statue to be fully illuminated, a feature that’s suggested in its official name, “La Liberté Eclairant le Monde,” or “Liberty Enlightening the World.” (At first the Statue of Liberty doubled as a lighthouse, given its position in the New York Harbor, but that didn’t last: It was decommissioned as such in 1902.)
Originally the lighting scheme was to be red, white, and blue—with a giant searchlight trained on the statue’s face and shoulders. Officials claimed in 19th-century newspaper accounts that they would make the statue so bright as to cast a glow on the clouds of the night sky 100 miles away. The statue’s face was to be lit by a reflector so bright that newspapers described it as “4 million candle power.” Her diadem was meant to sparkle with electric light. These were lofty goals in the dawn of the electrical age, and they carried symbolism that has lost much of its potency now that electricity is taken for granted.
https://thumbs.dreamstime.com/b/torch-statue-liberty-closeup-isolated-white-background-56181619.jpg
She held a golden cup in her hand, filled with abominable things and the filth of her adulteries.
In the torch, the flames are covered in gold. Looks enough like a cup. Also, in Isaiah 14:12 (another prophecy detailing the fall of Babylon that I didn't bother copying and pasting all of here) it refers to Babylon (or it's king) as "Lucifer, son of the morning". Lucifer means "light bringer" (hence the torch and the statue's original name being Liberty Enlightening the World) or "morning star" which is another name for the planet Venus which is associated with Inanna/Ishtar.
How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
https://twistedsifter.files.wordpress.com/2014/07/statue-of-liberty-from-above-aerial-satellite-photo.jpg
Notice how that star shape has 11 points? Seems like a strange number.
The beast and the ten horns you saw will hate the prostitute. They will bring her to ruin and leave her naked; they will eat her flesh and burn her with fire. 17 For God has put it into their hearts to accomplish his purpose by agreeing to hand over to the beast their royal authority
The 10 kings + the beast = 11.
The seven heads are seven hills on which the woman sits. They are also seven kings.
It has 7 spikes coming out of the head.
https://timedotcom.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/01_00240318.jpg?quality=85
We're a very diverse country and Lady Liberty represents us taking in people from all countries. We pretty much control the world (for now) as the 7 hills represents the 7 continents, which is literally what is said they represent. Plus she's literally sitting on an island in the water.
Then the angel said to me, “The waters you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages.
The creator of the Statue of Liberty, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, was a Freemason and they placed this plaque at the base of the statue.
https://untappedcities-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/iyftc1oqf704bytwz45ub151.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Statue-of-Liberty-Freemason-Cornerstone-NYC.jpg
Masonic theories abound about the Statue of Liberty’s connection to the masons. Those who do ascribe to the theory cite Bartholdi’s and Eiffel’s membership in the Freemasons, that many original plans for the statue demonstrate the link and that many elements of the statue carry symbolic meaning.
In addition, the masons presided over the cornerstone laying for the Statue of Liberty, a moment commemorated in a 1984 plaque in dedication to the masons on the 100th anniversary. In 1884, the grand master William A. Brodie laid the cornerstone with grand lodge members present. Brodie is reported to have said, “Why call upon the Masonic Fraternity to lay the cornerstone of such a structure as is here to be erected? No institution has done more to promote liberty and to free men from the trammels and chains of ignorance and tyranny than has Freemasonry.”
Then there's the poem that is inside the base.
The New Colossus
Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,With conquering limbs astride from land to land;Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall standA mighty woman with a torch, whose flameIs the imprisoned lightning, and her nameMOTHER OF EXILES. From her beacon-handGlows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes commandThe air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
"Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries sheWith silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
The Mother of exiles.

Prophecies of the Destruction of Babylon / America / New York

Jeremiah 51
45 “Come out of her, my people!Run for your lives!Run from the fierce anger of the Lord.46 Do not lose heart or be afraidwhen rumors are heard in the land;one rumor comes this year, another the next,rumors of violence in the landand of ruler against ruler.47 For the time will surely comewhen I will punish the idols of Babylon;her whole land will be disgraced
Well, we're definitely hearing of rumors of violence here in America and if there aren't rumors of ruler against ruler, we're going hear them soon.
The Bible details the destruction of Babylon a few different times. Mystery Babylon seems to be a new Babylon, different than the one in Biblical times, that gets destroyed at the end. Everything described here sounds like America and the King of Babylon being Trump. The capital being New York.
With the eclipse of Regulus in 2014 for 14 seconds right over New York. I think they might get hit with something major. Maybe a hurricane. This season is suppose to be bad and FEMA is saying they are completely unprepared. I'm sure that wasn't on purpose or anything. I think maybe a big earthquake might happen soon too in the next month. Seeing a lot of weird shit. A lot of polarity with the planets and asteroids. I think it's all connected to our polarity as the Trump Delusion continues. You seeing these reports and videos of these racist people just saying mean shit to people all over the place now for no reason? They're lashing out because they're scared their delusion bubble might burst so they're acting out. It's only going to escalate until both sides completely lose their fucking minds.
OLD TESTAMENT, ISAIAH, JERMEMIAH
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+13&version=NIV
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+14&version=NIV
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+21&version=NIV
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Jeremiah+50&version=NIV
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Jeremiah+51&version=NIV
NEW TESTAMENT, BOOK OF REVELATIONS
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+17&version=NIV
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+18&version=NIV
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+19&version=NIV

The New Roman Empire / Fourth Reich & The Double Headed Eagle of Lagash

http://watchmanscry.com/?p=6230
Welcome to General Election 2016 – The Transition
The Hegelian Dialectic is the transition of things. And the Illuminati loves to use it. We have been expecting it.
We have read about it. And now it is here, in front of our faces. And many are IGNORING it.
Folks, we are witnessing Hegelian logic on display.
How we got here is an aside, but here we are. The disease is Hillary, and the medicine is Trump. For most folks, that’s all that matters. Case closed. What most citizens do not realize is that this is all a ruse. A mirage.
It is being carried by, “they.”
“They” are using the illusion, because America was stationary and stubborn.
“You can’t New World Order me!” Americans said, “…Because we know about you.”
Did the globalists go away and cry in their beer? Nope. They knew this would happen. It was expected. Butsome of the citizens heard a few radio shows that told them, “we’re gonna win.”
Hegel’s dialectic utilizes the “mirage.” And then steers the people through its house of mirrors with scary monsters. In America’s case, the monster is a short woman with a trucker’s voice named Hillary. Their task is simple. Globalism. But how do they get there?
Simple:
Scare them with the Thesis – Hillary / the Enemy of Freedom.
And offset her with the Anti-thesis – Donald the Lion-Hearted / Champion of the People.
…Next stop – the Synthesis. Ashes with a rising phoenix.
It's right there in front of us. Do you see it folks?
This is also known as
Problem > Reaction > Solution
Ultimately this is leading to:
Problem: Trump vs Deep State
Reaction: Global Disaster
Solution: One world government and one world currency
They say this is a double headed eagle, it's not. It's a double headed Phoenix. And it's the symbol of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonary.
http://uscnjpha.org/history/double-headed-eagle/
http://uscnjpha.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/F.png
“The Double Headed Eagle of Lagash” is the oldest Royal Crest in the World… No emblematic device of today can boast of such antiquity. Its origin has been traced to the ancient city of Lagash. It was in use a thousand years before the Exodus from Egypt and more than two thousand years before the building of “King Solomon’s Temple.”
“As time rolled on, it passed from the Sumerians to the men of Akkad, from the men of Akkad to the Hittites, from the denizens of Asia Minor to the Seljukian Sultans from whom it was brought by the Crusaders to the Emperors of the East and West, whose successors were the Hapsburgs and the Romanoffs.”
“In recent excavations, the city-emblem of Lagash was disclosed also as a lion headed eagle sinking his claws into the bodies of two lions standing back to back. This is evidently a variant of the other eagle symbol”.
“The city of Lagash is in Sumer in Southern Babylonia, between the Euphrates and the Tigris and near the modern Shatra in Iraq, Lagash had a calendar of twelve lunar months, a system of weights and measures, a banking and accounting system and was a center of art, literature, military and political power, five thousand years before Christ”.
“In 102 B.C. the Roman Consul Marius decreed that the Eagle be displayed as a symbol of Imperial Rome. Later, as a world power, Rome used the Double-Headed Eagle, one head facing the East the other facing the West, symbolizing the universality and unity of the Empire. The Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire continued its use and the symbol was adopted later in Germany during the halcyon days of conquest and imperial power”.
So far as is known, the Double-Headed Eagle was first used in Freemasonry in 1758 by a Masonic Body in Paris – the Emperors of the East and West. During a brief period the Masonic Emperors of the East and West controlled the advanced degrees then in use and became a precursor of the “Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite”.
The Latin caption under the Double-Headed Eagle – “Spes Mea in Deo Est” translated is “My Hope Is In God”.
A part of this sounds familiar
“In recent excavations, the city-emblem of Lagash was disclosed also as a lion headed eagle sinking his claws into the bodies of two lions standing back to back. This is evidently a variant of the other eagle symbol”.
https://i.pinimg.com/originals/6f/a6/cb/6fa6cb2757061c76d7aa6ea211e2868c.jpg
https://goddessinspired.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/inanna-descent.jpg
In 102 B.C. the Roman Consul Marius decreed that the Eagle be displayed as a symbol of Imperial Rome. Later, as a world power, Rome used the Double-Headed Eagle, one head facing the East the other facing the West, symbolizing the universality and unity of the Empire. The Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire continued its use and the symbol was adopted later in Germany during the halcyon days of conquest and imperial power”.
So far as is known, the Double-Headed Eagle was first used in Freemasonry in 1758 by a Masonic Body in Paris – the Emperors of the East and West. During a brief period the Masonic Emperors of the East and West controlled the advanced degrees then in use and became a precursor of the “Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite”
So it represented the universality and unity of the Empire of Rome and was later adopted by Germany during their days of conquest and imperial power. For these Freemasons, it represents two emperors, one from the east and one from the west coming together to create one empire. Hmm.. I wonder if that has any significance to today's world.
https://st2.depositphotos.com/8575830/12480/i/950/depositphotos_124801418-stock-photo-russian-two-headed-eagle-coat.jpg
https://www.rbth.com/history/327634-why-is-double-headed-eagle-a-symbol-of-russia
The imperial bird with two heads simultaneously facing East and West has been Russia’s official coat of arms for centuries, with only a break during the Soviet era. The emblem, however, is far older than the country, with roots dating to ancient civilizations.
An eagle on a country’s coat of arms is quite common – this bird is as popular a national symbol as the lion. “He is the king of birds; just like the lion is believed to rule all animals, and he is associated with the cult of the sun,” Georgy Vilinbakhov, head of Russia’s Heraldic Council, explains.
http://www.deadlinenews.co.uk/2012/01/17/donald-trump-at-last-awarded-the-scottish-coat-of-arms/
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3f/Coat_of_Arms_of_Donald_Trump.svg/2000px-Coat_of_Arms_of_Donald_Trump.svg.png
http://revelationtimelinedecoded.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/phoenix3.jpg
So Trump's new coat of arms has the same symbol as Russia which symbolizes 2 empires, one from the east and one from the west, combining into one.
Does the way they dress look familiar to anyone?
http://uscnjpha.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/uscnj.png

The Rise of The Phoenix and One World Currency

https://socioecohistory.wordpress.co...mist-magazine/
Source: Economist; 01/9/88, Vol. 306, pp 9-10
https://socioecohistory.files.wordpress.com/2014/07/theeconomist-phoenix_get_ready_for_world_currency_by_2018.jpg
Title of article: Get Ready for the Phoenix
THIRTY years from now, Americans, Japanese, Europeans, and people in many other rich countries, and some relatively poor ones will probably be paying for their shopping with the same currency. Prices will be quoted not in dollars, yen or D-marks but in, let’s say, the phoenix. The phoenix will be favoured by companies and shoppers because it will be more convenient than today’s national currencies, which by then will seem a quaint cause of much disruption to economic life in the last twentieth century.At the beginning of 1988 this appears an outlandish prediction. Proposals for eventual monetary union proliferated five and ten years ago, but they hardly envisaged the setbacks of 1987. The governments of the big economies tried to move an inch or two towards a more managed system of exchange rates – a logical preliminary, it might seem, to radical monetary reform. For lack of co-operation in their underlying economic policies they bungled it horribly, and provoked the rise in interest rates that brought on the stock market crash of October. These events have chastened exchange-rate reformers. The market crash taught them that the pretence of policy co-operation can be worse than nothing, and that until real co-operation is feasible (i.e., until governments surrender some economic sovereignty) further attempts to peg currencies will flounder
The new world economyThe biggest change in the world economy since the early 1970’s is that flows of money have replaced trade in goods as the force that drives exchange rates. as a result of the relentless integration of the world’s financial markets, differences in national economic policies can disturb interest rates (or expectations of future interest rates) only slightly, yet still call forth huge transfers of financial assets from one country to another. These transfers swamp the flow of trade revenues in their effect on the demand and supply for different currencies, and hence in their effect on exchange rates. As telecommunications technology continues to advance, these transactions will be cheaper and faster still. With unco-ordinated economic policies, currencies can get only more volatile.
In all these ways national economic boundaries are slowly dissolving. As the trend continues, the appeal of a currency union across at least the main industrial countries will seem irresistible to everybody except foreign-exchange traders and governments. In the phoenix zone, economic adjustment to shifts in relative prices would happen smoothly and automatically, rather as it does today between different regions within large economies (a brief on pages 74-75 explains how.) The absence of all currency risk would spur trade, investment and employment.
The phoenix zone would impose tight constraints on national governments. There would be no such thing, for instance, as a national monetary policy. The world phoenix supply would be fixed by a new central bank, descended perhaps from the IMF. The world inflation rate – and hence, within narrow margins, each national inflation rate- would be in its charge. Each country could use taxes and public spending to offset temporary falls in demand, but it would have to borrow rather than print money to finance its budget deficit. With no recourse to the inflation tax, governments and their creditors would be forced to judge their borrowing and lending plans more carefully than they do today. This means a big loss of economic sovereignty, but the trends that make the phoenix so appealing are taking that sovereignty away in any case. Even in a world of more-or-less floating exchange rates, individual governments have seen their policy independence checked by an unfriendly outside world.
As the next century approaches, the natural forces that are pushing the world towards economic integration will offer governments a broad choice. They can go with the flow, or they can build barricades. Preparing the way for the phoenix will mean fewer pretended agreements on policy and more real ones. It will mean allowing and then actively promoting the private-sector use of an international money alongside existing national monies. That would let people vote with their wallets for the eventual move to full currency union. The phoenix would probably start as a cocktail of national currencies, just as the Special Drawing Right is today. In time, though, its value against national currencies would cease to matter, because people would choose it for its convenience and the stability of its purchasing power.
The alternative – to preserve policymaking autonomy- would involve a new proliferation of truly draconian controls on trade and capital flows. This course offers governments a splendid time. They could manage exchange-rate movements, deploy monetary and fiscal policy without inhibition, and tackle the resulting bursts of inflation with prices and incomes polices. It is a growth-crippling prospect. Pencil in the phoenix for around 2018, and welcome it when it comes.
https://medium.com/@torrmara/1988-crypto-prophesy-from-the-economist-e201ab28aa26
So it was a random Sunday: bed, eat, repeat until I went online and I saw a link by a new user called @limon. There was a small introduction to a YouTube video which at first glance didn’t look interesting, but what the hell? Lets read this.
https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...lLpi-xYDCw.png
He talked about an article from The Economist, year 1988, coin, phoenix and then Zoin… wtf?
Anyways, I opened the link (don’t open links from strangers) and watched the video in Youtube, (it’s in Spanish)
@limon claims in the video (minute 5) that he actually found a not so well know cryptocurrency (yet) by doing some research on an article from 1988 and he is somehow convinced it’s going to be huge. Yes, @limon saw the writing and thought maybe I should check this and find out which is the coin of the future.
As crazy as it seems, finding a cryptocurrency by doing research on a 1988 magazine its quite incredible. Is it a coincidence or is it a prediction? Not even @limon knows, but there’s a few things that can blow up your mind here.
This is the article from 1988. It claims that there will be a currency (referred as “phoenix”) that will be used by everybody in several countries in 2018.
So yes, you all might say “the coin is called the Phoenix”. There’s actually a coin called Phoenixcoin but that didn’t seem to convince @limon once he checked it out in www.coinmarketcap.com (it sucked even for @limon who wanted to believe with all his heart)
But @limon didn’t give up, he thought what if its hidden? So he decided to take a closer look at the magazine cover.
https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...LKufsoJVug.png
He noticed that he could read the letters backward (um…interesting)
https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...Ir1KSVOMbw.png
He got XIN3ONd NET by reading the cover letter backwards and he said well, XIN is Chinese, and found out in google translator that XIN meant NEW.
Then 3ONd he looked at it and thought this is Russian… and it was. That weird word that would not mean anything to someone meant something for @limon so he decided to google translate it.
https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...uui5nS3hFg.png
Well yeah 3ONd is Russian and means ZOI, but wait is this a coin? @Limon decided to search “ZOI” in www.coinmarketcap.com.
https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...LN2UCCLQwg.png
WOW, Zoin existed. He ended up with the sentence NEW ZOI NET, in which Zoi was an actual currency.
He starting searching now all about Zoin (DYOR) and liked everything he saw. The team, the community and development its very much updated.
Got even more carried away when he saw Zoin’s logo:
https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...4CV6Ln5sFQ.png
https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...y75KEGoyHQ.png
And when he researched even deeper, he found out that ZOIN was left by its first developer and got taken over by its community from all over the world.
Yes, Zoin emerged from the ashes. What? wait. Zoin is also a Phoenix.
Anyways, @limon found all the signs of a prophecy from 1988.
He couldn’t wait so he joined Zoin’s community and shared his video.
By the way he bought some Zoin. After finding the last lost prophecy he had no plans on missing out.
Check all about Zoin in the following links.
You can reach out to the team on Discord, website address is www.zoinofficial.com and their twitter @zoinofficial
You better don’t miss it. Its a prophecy.
Thank you limon.
@torrmara
Notice the year on the coin and at the end of the article, 2018. "Pencil in the phoenix for around 2018, and welcome it when it comes". Trump and Russia both have a double headed Phoenix signifying the union of an Empire. This article talks about a one world currency called "Phoenix" coming in 2018. The number 10 upside down is 01. It's a bit on a coin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix_(currency))
I posted about an Israeli company that can do things with blockchain and DNA in my previous postings on this topic. I think that this will have something to do with the Mark of the Beast.
https://techstartups.com/2018/05/10/genetic-blockchain-startup-dnatix-releases-first-blockchain-based-open-source-dna-compression-tool/
https://www.dnatix.com/
https://nulltx.com/carverr-wants-to-embed-bitcoin-private-keys-into-strands-of-dna/

Trump is the Tip of the Spear for the NWO Plan

Notice the spear tip coming out of the Phoenix's head on the cover of the Economist magazine? Trump. has a spear on top of both of his coat of arm. Trump is the tip of the sphere. I think once he's fulfilled his purpose in wrecking everything and nuking North Korea, I think they might have someone take him out. Then things would get even crazier.
https://i0.wp.com/www.show-notes.info/thisisit4321/gallery3/vaalbums/SPECIAL-PROJECTS/Welcome-to-the-World-of-Good-and-Evil/TRUMP/TRUMP%20-%20D2.jpg
https://i0.wp.com/www.show-notes.info/thisisit4321/gallery3/vaalbums/SPECIAL-PROJECTS/Welcome-to-the-World-of-Good-and-Evil/Album-number-7/Donald%20Trump%20Tip%20of%20the%20Spear.jpg
https://thelightinthedarkplace.files.wordpress.com/2018/03/donald20trump20front20and20center.jpg?w=816
https://thelightinthedarkplace.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/trump20tower201.jpg?w=816

My Other Posts on This Topic

https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/8tuwr1/what_do_these_2_very_obvious_signs_say_to_you/
https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/8vth1i/trumps_space_force_nesara_and_the_mark_of_the/
submitted by Oblique9043 to conspiracy [link] [comments]

I think I've had my "this is a bubble" moment

I remember a story about the kennedy's fortune coming from getting out of the market before the Great Depression. Supposedly he knew when to get out because the shoe shine boy was putting every dollar he earned in the market for sure profits.
I want to point out that I am not saying that cryptocurrencies in general or bitcoin itself is in a bubble, but I have seen some concerning behavior on here regarding some alt coins. Every thread seems to be about how much money you can make and nothing about the actual tech behind a project. It has gotten to the point that if any project does have a single good thing like a proof of concept released, everyone goes crazy and it pumps it to the "moon".
I've come to the conclusion that people have no idea what any of these coins are that they are invested in, and this alt coin bubble will soon burst. There is a post on the front page about edgeless. I remembered thinking this project was a little sketchy, but decided to read the white paper again to see what it was about. It took me all of five minutes to see some major issues with the business model from the perspective of the token holders.
If you're interested in what those are, then go read that thread, and I'm definitely not saying that edgeless is a scam in the sense that they will run away with all your money and never finish the project. I am however convinced that the coin is immensely overvalued and nobody is even thinking about it and what scares me is that it seems like nobody cares. It just proves to me that people say to themselves "casinos make money, so if I invest in this online casino I will surely make money!" And pour their savings into it before reading about the project at all.
Anyways, I'm sure this is an over exaggeration, but maybe this should be a time that I listen to my gut and escape before the crash comes.
submitted by ImABitcoinWhore to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Real Example Here. I invested $7K at the first of this month. Two weeks later and...

Real Example, NOT AN ADVISOR! Take from my experience what you want. I simply feel compelled to share a real life experience. I have opinions and will express those but they are still "just my opinion." My eyes have been opened to a new world in a very short period of time. I am still learning so much and definitely do not have an ultimate understanding of Bitcoin and all things related. I plan on documenting my experience for the benefit of those who care to observe so watch for continuous posts.
I am just a regular guy who decided to take a chance and buy some Bitcoin. I bought in with $7000 at the beginning of December 2017 (two weeks ago at time of this post). I had just recently freed up some available cash and decided to use some (not all) to invest in Bitcoin. I purchased using my bank account through Coinbase via two separate transactions and the process was very simple. I will warn you though there is a significant waiting period when depositing from a bank account. It took several days for the transaction to become available to use but I was locked in at the Bitcoin price at the time of purchase which was just under $11K. So I actually earned a nice profit while waiting for the transaction to complete as the price was rising so rapidly.
I opened up another wallet on Binance which is where I transferred the full balance of my investment which at the time was around 0.6 Bitcoin.
My reason for moving money to Binance is because I wanted to also be able to invest in other cryptocurrencies and Binance is an exchange that lists almost 100 different coins. I had no idea prior to this that so many new coins even existed but found that new coins are created very frequently (I plan to discuss this and other topics in more detail in later posts).
I proceeded to use the balance of my Bitcoin to trade on other currencies (just like a stock market). I did research on some of the tokens and some I just trade based on volume and action (like a day trader would do).
I started off with my toe in the water but soon realized that there are tons of new investors doing the same thing that I am which means there is lots of new money pouring into Bitcoin and the other currencies. I rode a few really big surges as carefully as I could. I monitored the coins I invested in very closely using multiple devices and apps to help with notifications and price alerts (so far BitUniverse is my favorite app for alerts).
Up to Tuesday (12/12/17) evening I had just been in learning mode. I had made a few conservative trades and had turned my $7,000 into $10,200. Most of that increase was from Bitcoin itself going up and up.
I started trading a little heavier on Wednesday and continued to make what I thought were smart trades through to Friday. Again Bitcoin accounts for most of my gains at this point but by Friday night I had approximately $15,000 which equated to about 0.84 BTC.
Friday night I invested heavily in a coin called XVG (Verge). I went to sleep with my notification app set to alert me if the price of XVG should suddenly drop. I slept great because I had been so exhausted from a week of meticulously watching prices of BTC and its companions. I awoke around 5am and quickly realized I had not gotten any notifications of a price drop of XVG. I grabbed my phone to check the price and found that I had gained 25% overnight. I watched the price and ended up exiting the position around 6am bringing all funds back to Bitcoin. Now I had over .75 Bitcoin.
Saturday 12/16 was an eye opening day for me. After my big overnight gain with XVG things continued to get better. Bitcoin rose from $18,100 to $19,700. I made several trades throughout the day and was flabbergasted by what I witnessed. It was obvious that lots of new money was flowing into the hundreds of alt coins available for trade. I would estimate that 80% of the coins were significantly up while Bitcoin itself continued to go up. That could only happen if more money is flowing into the system. I made what I consider some very big trades throughout the day, mostly capitalizing on huge surges in XVG and TRX. On Saturday alone I was able to turn .75 BTC into 1.12 BTC all while Bitcoin was holding steady or going up in value.
You can do the math on what 1.12 Bitcoins is worth. I plan to continue trading until I have 2.0 Bitcoins at which time I will cash out my original $7,000 investment. That is my plan anyway, there is always the chance that the "Bubble" could burst or I make some really stupid trading decisions and end up losing all of my investment. If so, at least I took a shot.
I hope this post gets some attention. I do not see many real experience posts online or anywhere else, maybe I am just not looking hard enough.
Just my opinion, but I think Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies at least have potential to be something big. I am personally willing to wager some (not all, not my life savings) of what I have on that potential.
Hit me up with questions, I hope to continue posting updates on my experience. I promise to even post if/when this whole thing crashes and I look like the laughing stock.
Meanwhile, be smart with your money. Do not risk what you cannot afford to lose...Ever!
Sorry! I do also want to give a huge shout out and THANK YOU to my brother-in-law who introduced me to Binance and shares his insight on Bitcoin.
submitted by ControlFreak1027 to BitcoinBeginners [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Bubble Bursts Bit-Bubble-Tech Profit Big Before The Bitcoin Bubble ... Will Bitcoin Futures BURST Crypto Bubble?! Bitcoin bubble is blown up, it lost the $2000 mark Regulation of Bitcoin Will Cause the Bubble to Burst

Regarding the definition of the true point in time at which a bubble bursts, it is generally believed that a bubble can be defined by the appearance of an unusually high asset value followed by a decline in price, which signals the end of the bubble. In financial markets, asset prices tend to rise or fall in the long run, but they will still fluctuate up and down during shorter periods ... Bitcoin is a bubble. Value investing guru Warren Buffet’s remarks describing Bitcoin as a bubble that will pop, also contributes to the public's apprehensive attitude, “I can say almost with certainty that they will come to a bad ending, when it happens or how or anything else, I don’t know.” Even Google, Facebook and Twitter have banned advertisements from cryptocurrency related ads ... Others have called it “the very definition of a bubble” and even ... All these ideas are worth study now. And they’ll still be worth pursuing after the bitcoin bubble bursts. This column ... The bitcoin bubble has burst. At start of 2017, a unit of the cryptocurrency (we’ll explain later) was worth $800. A year ago it peaked at almost $20,000. And this week it fell below $4,000 for the first time in two years. So bitcoin rose by 2,500% and then fell by more than 80%. The 60-fold explosion in price over three years puts the infamous technology bubble of the late 1990s in the ... If it bursts, it bursts. A few get wealthy, a lot get poor. But everyone gets educated for a time. Then another bitcoin bubble or another bubble in another crptocurrency or another asset get blown up. Rinse repeat.

[index] [24975] [16314] [38036] [40790] [3210] [6648] [9480] [29225] [7307] [23322]

Bitcoin Bubble Bursts

Cryptocurrency bitcoin has set another record, breaking through the $12,000 mark for the first time. Compare that with where it was at the beginning of the year, when it was trading at around ... Last day like this was 11/14/17, will it re-enter the same channel? Please post your comments below... NEWSNIGHT: Bitcoin -- the future, or a bubble waiting to burst? - Duration: 6:16. BBC Newsnight 37,320 views. 6:16. Robert Kiyosaki 2019 - The Speech That Broke The Internet!!! KEEP THEM POOR ... Bitcoin Is a Gigantic Bubble Just Waiting to Explode. ( Watch ) Free How to strategies to protect your investments now at: http://jmlbusinesspro.com/freegold... This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue Queue

#